Ocean Biogeographic Information System

The Ocean Biogeographic Information System ( OBIS ) is a web-based resource for information about the distribution and abundance of living species in the ocean .


It originated in an idea and prototype system Developed at Rutgers University by a team led by Dr. J. Frederick Grassle That included Yunqing (Phoebe) Zhang, Karen Stocks, and Carolyn Flanders. Later, it was funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and other sources to become the information management component of the Census of Marine Life . According to the official OBIS web site, the OBIS Portal “accesses data content, information infrastructure, and informatics tools – maps, visualizations, and models – to provide a dynamic, global facility in four dimensions. New Earthquakes and the Future of the Future “.

The initial OBIS Portal at Rutgers University has been online since 2002, with access to data from 500,000 observations and data points. 50 countries worldwide. As of August 2010, OBIS contains 30 million observations from over 120,000 species. [1] Available data cover all groups of organisms-have That Any association with marine or estuarine habitats, shorelines aussi Including atmosphere and the above-the ocean, Such As marine vertebrates (fishes, marine mammals, turtles, seabirds, etc.); Marine invertebrates (including zooplankton ); Marine bacteria ;

OBIS portal

The OBIS Portal also provides a variety of software tools that can be used to perform a mapping, analysis, or data modeling, including the KGS Mapper , the c-squares mapper , and the ACON mapper , and This number is expected to grow.

OBIS, a new version of its portal on 27 September with several new web-based features that allow for more detailed searches of observations. [2]

Regional OBIS nodes

Over the period 2004-present, an international network of Regional OBIS Nodes has also been established, which are facilitating the connection of data sources in their region to the master. OBIS data network Their particular region.

  • Antarctic OBIS
Hosted by Belgian Biodiversity Platform, Brussels and by Flanders Marine Institute , Oostende. Managed by Bruno Danis
  • argentina
Hosted by Centro Nacional Patagonico – (CENPAT) – CONICET. Managed by Mirtha Lewis
  • australia
Hosted by Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization – Marine and Atmospheric Research. Managed by Tony Rees
  • Canada
Hosted by Center of Marine Biodiversity and Bedford Institute of Oceanography. Managed by Bob Branton
  • china
Hosted by Institute of Oceanology. Managed by Sun Xiaoxia
  • Europe
Hosted by Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee . Managed by Ward Appeltans
  • Indian Ocean
Hosted by National Chemical Laboratory and National Institute of Oceanography. Managed by Baba Ingole
  • japan
Hosted by National Institute for Environmental Studies. Managed by Junko Shimura
  • New Zealand / South West Pacific
Hosted by National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research. Managed by Don Robertson
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
Hosted by Southern African Data Center for Oceanography. Managed by Marten Grundlingh
  • Tropical and Subtropical
Hosted by University of Concepcion. Managed by Ruben Escribando
  • Tropical and Subtropical Western South Atlantic
Hosted by University of Sao Paulo (USP) and Reference Center on Environmental Information
  • United States of America
Hosted by United States Geological Survey (USGS). Managed by Mark Fornwall

See also

  • Census of Marine Life
  • World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)

Selected publications about OBIS

  • Grassle, JF and Stocks, KI, 1999. A Global Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) for the Census of Marine Life. Oceanography, 12 (3), p. 12-14.
  • Grassle, JF 2000. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS): an on-line, global atlas for accessing, modeling and mapping marine biological data in a multidimensional geographic context. Oceanography. 13 (3), p.5-7.
  • Zhang, Y. and Grassle, JF 2003. A portal for the Ocean Biogeographic Information System. Oceanologica Acta. 25 (5), p. 193-197.
  • Mark J. Costello, J. Frederick Grassle, Yunqing Zhang, Karen Stocks, and Edward Vanden Berghe 2005. Where is what and what is? Online mapping of marine species. MarBEF Newsletter . Spring 2005, pp. 20-22.
  • Costello MJ, Stocks K., Zhang Y., Grassle JF, Fautin DG (2007). About the Ocean Biogeographic Information System. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2292/5236
  • Costello MJ, Vanhoorne B., Appeltans W. 2015. Progressing conservation of biodiversity through taxonomy, data publication and collaborative infrastructures. Conservation Biology 29 (4), 1094-1099.
  • Wood JB, Zhang, PY, Costello, MJ and Grassle, JF 2006. An introduction to OBIS, www.iobis.org. In: Miloslavich P. and Klein E. (eds), Caribbean marine biodiversity: the known and the unknown. Destech Publications Inc., Lancaster Pennsylvania USA, pp. 253-254.


  1. Jump up^ OBIS Website
  2. Jump up^ [1]

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