Local information systems

Local information system ( LIS ) is a form of information system built with business intelligence tools , designed Primarily to Support geographic reporting . They overlap With Some capabilities of geographic information systems (GIS), ALTHOUGH Their primary function is the reporting of statistical data Rather than the analysis of geospatial data . LIS also tends to offer some common knowledge management functionality for storage and retrieval of unstructured data such as documents. They provide functionality to load, store, analyze and present statistical data that has a strong geographic reference. In MOST cases the data is structured as indicators and is linked to discrete geographic areas, for example population figures for US counties gold numbers claiming unemployment benefit across wards in England . The ability to present this data using data visualization tools like charts and maps is also a feature of these systems.

The term “LIS” has emerged since 2004, the UK’s largest public sector . To date it is not Widely used elsewhere ALTHOUGH other terms like Community Information Systems apply to solutions Primarily in North America, That have a great deal of overlap. Another widely used and broadly synonymous term is Data Observatory . Data Observatory is a more Widely used term Internationally PARTICULARLY dans le area of public health websites Where qui Often include this kind of statistical reporting are applying Often termed a health observatory . [1]

The primary application for LIS is to provide a place-focused evidence base that is accessible to a wide range of users including policy makers, front-line staff and citizens. They provide a wide range of local and regional features for their area of ​​interest. LIS are commonly used by partnerships to provide a common area. The sensitivity and sensitivity of the sensitivity of the senses to the sensitivity of the senses is critical. LIS allows to distinguish between the two types of outputs.

Background

In the UK, like many other countries, there has been a rapid growth in the availability of small area statistics. National Neighborhood Statistics Projects in the UK, set up as a result of the PAT 18 report, [2] have opened up access to a wide range of government small area based statistics. This has been accomplished by a gradual shift across the public sector, a shift that remains very much on-going, towards the recognition that policy and decisions should be influenced to a greater degree by evidence. The hotspots offer a wide range of services and facilities. This relies on customers’

In England in particular this has led to a rapid increase in the number of Local Information Systems within local Authorities and Local Strategic Partnerships. This development has been actively supported by the Department of Communities and Local Government (CLG) under their ‘Neighborhood Renewal’ agenda. A national research project was funded to identify examples and disseminate best practice – this reported publicly in 2004 and led to a more formal report [3] being published in 2006. CLG’s role as a catalyst in this area is further re-enforced through its provision Of Neighborhood Renewal Funds (NRF) – This funding was used by a number of authorities to pump-prime their initial LIS developments.

An initiative is currently on-going through the CLG Information Management Program to coordinate all LIS activities across local government and partnerships. [4] LIS meetings and a dedicated LIS forum. To date it is estimated that approximately 50 per cent of top tier authorities in England now have some form of LIS. In some cases they have been built as bespoke solutions, in other cases they are based on off-the-shelf products. Elsewhere within the UK Scottish LIS Toolkit [5] to complement the English version. [6]

Data

The range of data within a LIS can be wide and classified in many different ways. Demography, Health and Welfare, Crime and Community Safety, Education and Children’s Services, Environment and Economy. There may also be cross-cutting themes such as ‘Performance’ and ‘Social Disadvantage’. In the UK key government data sources include ONS Neighborhood Statistics, CLG, Dept for Work and Pensions, NOMIS, Audit Commission and several areas of NHS information services. However, the value of LIS is not the same as that of other countries. This local data is often not provided to central government and,

See also

  • Information Systems
  • Business intelligence tools
  • Community indicators
  • Geographic Information Systems
  • Enterprise Information System
  • Knowledge management
  • Online analytical processing
  • Crime mapping
  • InstantAtlas

References

  1. Jump up^ Association of Public Health Observatories
  2. Jump up^ Cabinet Office PAT 18 Report
  3. Jump up^ Local Information Systems: A review of their role, characteristics and benefits
  4. Jump up^ CLG LIS Resources Home page
  5. Jump up^ Improvement Service LIS Toolkit
  6. Jump up^ CLG LIS Toolkit

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