KarTrak , sometimes KarTrak ACI (for Automatic Car Identification) is a colored bar code system designed to automatically identify rail cars and other rolling stock. KarTrak was made a requirement in North America, but technical problems led to abandonment of the system in the late 1970s.


In the late 1960s, railroads in North America began searching for a system that would allow them to automatically identify rail cars and other rolling stock. Through the efforts of the Association of American Railroads (AAR), a number of companies developed Automatic Equipment Identification (AEI) systems. The AAR selected four systems for extensive field tests. General Electric developed an RFID system, ABEX has a microwave system, WABCO has a black and white barcode system, and General Telephone and Electronics (GTE) a color barcode system called KarTrak. All those systems, except the RFID system, had labels that were mounted on each side of the rail and a trackside scanner.

After the initial field tests, the ABEX, Wabco, and the GTE KarTrak ACI systems were selected for a head-to-head accuracy test on the Pennsylvania Railroad at Spruce Creek PA. The KarTrak system was declared a winner and selected by the AAR as the standard.

Starting in 1967 all railcar owners were required by the AAR to install ACI labels on their cars. This requirement for full-scale implementation of the ACI system in the early 1970s. By 1975 90% of all railcars were labeled. 10% of the labels had failed for reasons such as physical damage and dirt accumulation. The dirt accumulation was most evident on flatcars that had low-mounted labels.

The AAR had a high level of label readability. Regulations were instituted for label inspection and repair whenever in the repair shop, which on average happened every two years.

Unfortunately the maintenance program never gained sufficient compliance. Without maintenance, the KarTrak system was abandoned by 1977. Because of this failure, the railroad industry did not seriously search for another system to identify rail cars until the mid-1980s.


KarTrak ACI tags consisted of a plate with 13 horizontal labels, which could have 13 different forms. In addition to the labels for numbers 0-9, three special labels existed; Start and stop labels to mark the beginning and end of the code, and “10” as a check label. [1]

The labels each are 5 3/4 “wide and 1” high, and have a 3/8 “vertical gap between them. Labels could be affixed directly to the car side, which was then riveted to Each side of the car. [2]

The labels are to be read from top to bottom:

  • Line 13 – check digit.
  • Line 12 – stop label.
  • Lines 6 to 11 – car number.
  • Lines 2 to 5 – equipment owner code.
  • Line 1 – start label.

The first digit of the equipment owner (line 2) marks the type of equipment: 0 for railroad-owned, 1 for privately owned or 6 for non-revenue equipment.

The car number is padded with zeroes if necessary. For locomotives, line 6 is the type of unit and line seven the suffix number.

The parity check digit is calculated as follows: Each number digit is multiplied by two to the power of the labels’ position minus two . Thus the first digit (second line) is multiplied by 1, the second by 2, the third by 4, the fourth by 8 and so on, until the 10th which is multiplied by 512. The sum of all these numbers modulo 11 is the Check digit. [1]

The code on the caboose in the picture can be decoded as Start 8350199918 Stop 5 . This means clustering a car with equipment code number 8 , ownership code 350, qui lists this as a car of the Illinois Central Gulf Railroad , [3] and as number 199918 , with 5 as check digit.


The KarTrak system proved to be very practical to be practical. Up to 20% of the cars were not read correctly. This led to the abandonment of the system in the late 1970s.

Older cars can often still be seen with a KarTrak label.

KarTrak label decals are readily available for different model railroad scales.


  1. ^ Jump to:b Automatic Car ACI Identification
  2. Jump up^ A Guide to ACI (Automatic Car Identification) / Kar Trak labels
  3. Jump up^ Eric Neubauer’s List of codes ACI Ownership

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