Issue-Based Information System (IBIS) was invented by Werner Kunz and Horst Rittel as an argumentation-based approach to tackling wicked problems -complex, ill-defined problems that involve multiple stakeholders . 
According to Kunz and Rittel, “Issue-Based Information Systems (IBIS) are meant to support the coordination and planning of political decision-processes. The discourse . ” 
Subjective, the understanding of planning and design as a process of argumentation of IBIS in design rationale . 
The basic structure of IBIS is a graph . It is therefore quite suitable to be manipulated by computer , as in a graph database . 
The elements of IBIS are issues , each of which is associated with alternative positions (or possible answers).   These in turn are associated with arguments qui gold holder object to a position Given (gold Reviews another argument). In the course of the treatment of issues, new issues come up which are treated likewise. 
Issue-Based Information Systems are used as a means of widening the coverage of a problem. The incentive to participate in the project is to increase the number of participants in the process of participation. Since the problem has been solved, it has been possible to analyze and analyze the problem. Another desirable characteristic of the Issue-Based Information System is that it helps to make the design process transparent. Transparency here refers to the ability of observers to make the decision-making process.
IBIS is used in issue mapping,  an argument visualization technique related to argument mapping . It is also the basis of a facilitation technique called dialogue mapping .  
Rittel’s interest in the area of public policy and planning, which is also the context in which he and his colleagues define wicked problems .  Rittel and Kunz considering IBIS as the type of information system to support the work of cooperatives like governmental or administrative agencies or committees, planning groups, etc., that are confronted with a problem complex in Order to arrive at a plan for decision “. 
When the paper was written, there were three manual, paper-based IBIS-type systems in use-two in government agencies and one in a university. 
IBIS-type systems. A renewed interest in IBIS-type systems.    In 1987, Douglas E. Noble completed a computer-supported IBIS program as part of his doctoral dissertation.  Jeff Conklin and co-workers adapté the IBIS structure for use in software engineering, Creating the Gibis (graphical IBIS) hypertext system in the late 1980s.   Several other graphical IBIS-type systems were developed to facilitate the collaborative design and problem solving .  These efforts culminated in the creation of the open source Component (software) tool which supports-among other things-a graphical IBIS notation.    DRed (Design Rationale editor)  and designVUE. 
In recent years, there has been a renewed interest in IBIS-type systems, particularly in the context of sensemaking and collaborative problem solving in a variety of social and technical contexts.     Of particular note is the facilitation method called dialogue mapping which uses the IBIS notation to evolve.  
- Collaborative software
- Computational sociology
- Creative problem solving
- Critical Thinking
- Knowledge base
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