Intelligent decision support system

An intelligent decision support system (IDSS) is a decision support system that makes extensive use of artificial intelligence (AI) techniques. Use of AI technology in management information systems : has a long history – Careers terms Such As ” Knowledge-based systems ” (KBS) and “smart systems” have-been used since the early 1980s to describe components of management systems, aim the term “Intelligent Decision support system “is thought to originate with Clyde Holsapple and Andrew Whinston [1] [2] in the late 1970s. Examples of specialized intelligent decision support systems include Flexible manufacturing systems (FMS) [3] intelligent marketing decision support systems [4] and medical diagnosis systems. [5]

Ideally, an intelligent decision support system should behave like a human consultant: supporting decision makers by gathering and analyzing evidence, identifying and diagnosing problems, proposing possible courses of action and evaluating such proposed actions. The likes of the AI ​​techniques embedded in an intelligent decision support system are to enable these tasks to be performed by a computer, while emulating human capabilities as closely as possible.

Many IDSS implementations are based on expert systems , [6] a well established type of KBS that encodes knowledge and emulates the cognitive behaviors of human experts using predicate logic rules, and have been shown to perform better than the original human experts in some circumstances. [7] [8] Expert systems emerged as practical applications in the 1980s [9] based on research in artificial intelligence during the late 1960s and early 1970s. [10]They Typically combines knowledge of a Particular Application domain with an inference capability to enable the system to propose decisions or diagnoses.

Research in AI focused on IDSS. For example, intelligent agents [11] [12] that perform complex cognitive tasks without any need for human intervention. [13] Capabilities of these intelligent agents include knowledge sharing , machine learning , data mining , and automated inference . A range of AI techniques such as case based reasoning ,

References

  1. Jump up^ Holsapple C .: Framework for a generalized intelligent decision support system (1977) PhD Thesis Purdue University
  2. Jump up^ Holsapple C. & Whinston A .: Business expert systems (1987) McGraw-Hill
  3. Jump up^ Chang, Jiang & Tang: The development of intelligent decision support tools to aid the design of flexible manufacturing systems (2000). International Journal of Production Economics, 65, 73-84
  4. Jump up^ Matsatsinis and Siskos (2002), Intelligent support systems for marketing decisions, Kluwer Academic Publishers
  5. Jump up^ Walker D .: Similarity Determination and Case Retrieval in an Intelligent Decision Support System for Diabetes Management, MSCS Thesis, Ohio University, Computer Science (Engineering), 2007
  6. Jump up^ Matsatsinis, NF, Y. Siskos (1999), MARKEX: An intelligent decision support system for product development decisions, European Journal of Operational Research, Vol. 113, no. 2, p. 336-354
  7. Jump up^ Baron J .: Thinking and Deciding (1998) Cambridge University Press
  8. Jump up^ Turban E., Volonio L., McLean E. and Wetherbe J .: Information Technology for Management (2009) Wiley
  9. Jump up^ Jackson P .: Introduction to expert systems (1986) Addison-Wesley
  10. Jump up^ Power, DJA Brief History of Decision Support Systems, DSSResources.COM, World Wide Web, version 4.0, March 10, 2007
  11. Jump up^ Sugumaran V .: Application of Agents and Intelligent Information Technologies (2007) IGI Publishing
  12. Jump up^ Matsatsinis, NF, Moraϊtis, P. Psomatakis, N. Spanoudakis (2003), An Agent-Based System for Penetration Strategy Selection, Applied Artificial Intelligence: An International Journal, Vol. 17, no. 10, p. 901-925
  13. Jump up^ Tung Bui, Jintae Lee, An agent-based framework for decision support systems, Decision Support Systems, Volume 25, Issue 3, April 1999, Pages 225-237, ISSN 0167-9236,doi:10.1016 / S0167-9236 (99) 00008-1. Link to Elsevier
  14. Jump up^ Laboratory of intelligent decision support systems, Poznan

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