Informatization or computerization refers to the extent by which a geographical area, an economy or a society is becoming information-based, ie, increase in size of its information labor force. The use of the term was inspired by Marc Porat’s categories of ages of human civilization: the Agricultural Age, the Industrial Age and the Information Age (1978). Informatization is to the Information Age What industrialization was to the Industrial Age. It has been stated that:
- The Agricultural Age has brought about the agriculturization of the planet. The Industrial Age has caused among other things the industrialization of agriculture. The Information Age has resulted in the informatization of the agricultural industry (Flor, 1993).
The term has mostly been used within the context of national development. Everett Rogers ( 2000 ) olefins informatization as the process through qui new communication technologies are used as a means clustering for Furthering development as a nation Becomes more and more an information society . However, some observers, such as Alexander Flor ( 1986 ) have cautioned about the negative impact of informatization on traditional societies.
Recently, the technological determinism has been highlighted in informatization. Randy Kluver, University of Texas A & M University, University of Texas A & M University. Kluver expands the concept to encompass the civic and cultural arenas. He believes that it is a process whereby information and communication technologies shape cultural and civic discourse.
G. Wang describes the same phenomenon (1994) which she calls “informatization” as a “process” of change that features the dominant forces in commanding Economic, political, social and cultural development; And (b) unprecedented growth in the speed, quantity, and popularity of information production and distribution. ”
Origin of the term
The computerization Was term coined by Simon Nora and Alain Minc In Their publication The Computerization of Society: A Report to the President of the Republic  qui Was translated in English in 1980 as The Computerization of Society: A delay to the President of France .  ( SAOUG ) However, in an article published in 1987 Minc preferred to use computerization and not computerization .
After the 1978 publication the concept was adopted in French, German and English subject literatures and was broadened to include more aspects than only computers and telecommunications ( SAOUG ).
Social impact of informatization
Informatization has many far-reaching consequences in society. Kim ( 2004 ) observes that these include repercussions in economics, politics and other aspects of modern living. In the economic sphere, for example, information is viewed as a resource for development, replacing the centrality of labor and capital during the industrial age. In the political arena, there are opportunities for participatory democracy with the advent of information and communication technology (ICT) which provide easy access to information on varied social and political issues.
Informatization in economic systems
Industrialization of the economic and social development of the industrialized countries. Unlike the agri-food industry, this is the best way to get the most out of your money. Alexander Flor ( 2008 ) wrote this informatization which gives rise to information-based economies and societies of information naturally becomes a dominant commodity or resource. The role of the economy in the development of the economy ( Linden 2004 ).
Globalization and informatization
Over the years, globalization and informatization have “redefined industries, politics, cultures, and even the underlying rules of social order” ( Friedman 1999 ). Although they explain different phenomena, their social, political, economic, and cultural functions remarkably overlaps. “Although globalization is ultimately refers to the integration of economic institutions, much of this integration occurs through the channels of technology.” ( Kluver ).
- (A) Globalization and Informatization will have great impact on social and cultural consequences of society.
- (B) “Globalization and informatization are likely to diminish the concept of the national as a political institution” ( Poster 1999 ). Friedman ( 1999 ) argues that as nation states decline in importance, multi-national corporations , nongovernmental organizations , and “superempowered individuals” such as George Soros gain influence and importance. As these non-political organizations and institutions gain importance, there are inevitable challenges to political, economic, and cultural processes.
- C) On the other hand, globalization and informatization allow for efficient flow of information. Individuals and societies are, therefore, greatly empowered to engage in international arena for economic, political, and cultural resources.
- d) “There is proliferation of information about lifestyles, religions, and cultural issues. The telecommunications and computer networks aussi allow for global Unprecedented activism. This Democratization of Information Increases the potential for international harmony, ALTHOUGH it by no means clustering Guarantees it” ( Kluver ).
- E) These twin forces greatly affect the centuries of tradition, local autonomy, and cultural integrity.
- F) “Finally, one of the potentially most devastating impacts of the forces of globalization and informatization is that there is an insidious conflict between the new global economic order and the local, or even tribal, interests” ( Kluver ).
Measurement of informatization
Expenditure, Agricultural Sector and Intellectual Property . Kim ( 2004 ) proposed to measure the informatization in a country using a composite measure made up of the following extraneous variables: Education, R & D. Kim is also responsible for social democracy. It supposedly takes into consideration the three approaches to conceptualizing informatization, namely the economic, technological, and stock. (Eg, GDP), ICT data (eg number of computers per population), and amount of information (eg number of published technological journals) respectively.
( 2008 ), which is a compendium of the World Bank’s Knowledge Assessment Methodology (KAM) Variables ( 2008 ) which are clustered into: overall performance of the economy, economic incentive and institutional regime, innovation system, education and human resources, and information and communication technology.
The Problem of Measuring Informatization
The measurement for the level of informatization is an area of development. Among the issues are the ambiguity of the definition of “information” and whether this entity can be quantifiable in contrast to the tangible products of industrialization.
Taylor and Zang ( 2007 ) explored the issues behind the limitations of current theoretical models in terms of quantifying the positive impacts of ICT projects, and provided criticisms of the information indicators used to gauge and justify informatization projects.
WSIS and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU); And Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
National laws on informatization
Informatization is recognized by states as important to national development. Some states have created laws implementing or regulating informatization.
In Russia the State Duma enacted the Federal Law on Information, Informatization, and the Protection of Information on January 25, 1995. It was signed into law by President Boris Yeltsin on February 20, 1995.
Azerbaijan had a Law on Information, Informatization and Protection of Information in 1998.
- Information society
- Information revolution
- Information Age
- Digital divide
- Knowledge economy
- Jump up^ Nora, Simon; Minc, Alain (1978). “The computerization of society” . The French Documentation : 901. ISBN 2020049740 . Retrieved February 23, 2016 .
- Jump up^ Nora, Simon; Minc, Alain (1981). The computerization of society: a report to the President of France0-262-64020-1 (2. pr. Cambridge, Mass .: The MIT Press. p. 208. ISBN 0262640201 .
- Rogers, Everett M. 2000. Informatization, globalization, and privatization in the new millennium . The Asian Journal of Communication Volume 10 Number 2. pp 71-92.
- Flor, Alexander G. 1986. The information-rich and the information-poor: Two faces of the Information Age in a developing country . University of the Philippines Los Baños.
- Flor, Alexander G. 1993. The informatization of agriculture . The Asian Journal of Communication . Volume 3 Number 2. pp 94-103
- Kluver, Randy. Globalization, Informatization and Intercultural Communication . Http://acjournal.org/holdings/vol3/Iss3/spec1/kluver.htm . Accessed 25 July 2008.
- Federal Law on Information, Informatization, and the Protection of Information Enacted by the State Duma 25 January 1995 . Available at https://fas.org/irp/world/russia/docs/law_info.htm . Accessed 7 August 2008.
- Kim, Sangmoon. 2004. Social Informatization: Its Measurement, Causes and Consequences. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Park 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA, August 14, 2004 [Online PDF]. Available at < http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p110605_index.html . Accessed 19 July 2008.
- SAOUG. (Nd) The Role of the South African Online User Group (SAOUG) in the Computerization of Society . Available at http://www.saoug.org.za/archive/2003/0317a.pdf . Accessed 16 August 2008.
- Linden, Geert van der 2004. Transforming Institutional Knowledge into Organizational Effectiveness: The Challenge of Becoming a Learning Organization. Speech delivered at the ARTDo International Management and HRD Conference, September 25, 2004. Available at http://adb.org/documents/speeches/2004/mo2004056.asp Accessed Sept. 13,2008.
- Flor, Alexander G.2008 Developing Societies in the Information Age: A Critical Perspective
- The World Bank. (2008) Knowledge Assessment Methodology. Variables and clusters. Available at http://go.worldbank.org/E7ISX99P10 . Accessed September 19, 2008.
- Friedman, T. (1999) The lexus and the olive tree: understanding globalization. Available at http://acjournal.org/holdings/vol3/Iss3/spec1/kluver.htm . Accessed August 29, 2008.
- Poster, M. (1999) National identities and communications technologies. The Information Societies. Available at http://acjournal.org/holdings/vol3/Iss3/spec1/kluver.htm . Accessed August 29, 2008.
- Law on information, information and protection of information. (2007) In Legislationline. Retrieved September 30, 2008, from http://www.legislationline.org/legislation.php?tid=219&lid=7123&less=false .
- Taylor, Richard and Bin Zhang. Measuring the impact of ICT: Theories of Information and Development. (2007). Retrieved October 10, 2011, from http://www.intramis.net/TPRC_files/TPRC%2008%20Taylor-Zhang%20Final.pdf