Information seeking

Information seeking is the process or activity of attempting to obtain information in both human and technological contexts. Information retrieval (IR).

Information retrieval

Traditionally, IR tools have been designed for IR professionals to enable them to effectively and efficiently retrieve information from a source. It is assumed that the information exists in the source and that a well-formed query will retrieve it (and nothing else). It has been argued that laypersons’ information seeking on the internet is very different from information retrieval as performed within the IR discourse. Yet, internet search engines are built on IR principles. Since the late 1990s a body of research on how casual users interact with internet search engines has been forming, but the topic is far from fully understood. IR can be said to be technology-oriented, focusing on algorithms and issues such as precision and recall . Information retrieval and information retrieval. The information needed to satisfy one’s own need .

In different contexts

Much library and information science (LIS) research has focused on the information-seeking practices of practitioners within various fields of professional work. Studies have been carried out into the information-seeking behaviors of librarians, [1] academics, [2] medical professionals, [3] engineers [4] and lawyers [5] (among others). Much of this research has been done on the work done by Leckie, Pettigrew (now Fisher) and Sylvain, who in 1996 conducted an extensive review of the LIS literature on professionals’ information seeking. The authors proposed an analytic model of professionals’ information seeking behavior, intended to be generalizable across the professions, (SARS) in the area. The model was intended to “prompt new insights … and give rise to more refined and applicable theories of information seeking” (1996: 188). The model has been adapted by Wilkinson (2001) which proposes a model of the information seeking of lawyers.

Theories of information-seeking behavior

Main article: Information seeking behavior

A variety of theories of information behavior – eg Zipf ‘s Principle of Least Effort, Brenda Dervin ‘ s Sense Making, Elfreda Chatman ‘s Life in the Round – In addition, many theories from other disciplines have been applied in investigating an aspect or whole process of information seeking behavior. [6]

(Foster, 2005; Kuhlthau, 2006). (See Kuhlthau, 2006 ). Donald O. Case (2007) and wrote a good book that is a review of the literature.

As a candidate answers, asking questions and answers.

Robinson’s (2010) [7] research suggests that when it comes to finding information about people and information (eg, documents and databases), and spend similar amounts of time consulting each (7.8% and 6.4% of work time , Respectively; 14.2% in total). However, the distribution of time among the constituents. When consulting other people, people spend less time locating the information source and information within that source, similar time understanding and decision making, and when consulting information repositories. Moreover, the research found that people spend more time receiving information passively (ie,

Wilson’s nested model of conceptual areas

The concepts of information seeking, information retrieval, and information behaviour are objects of investigation of information science . Within this scientific discipline variety of studies has-been Undertaken Analyzing the interaction of an individual with information sources in case of a specific information need , task, and context. The research models developed in these studies vary in their level of scope. Wilson (1999) therefore developed a nested model of conceptual areas, which visualizes the interrelation of the here.

Wilson defines models of information behavior to be “statements, often in the form of diagrams, that the attempt to describe an information-seeking activity, the causes and consequences of that activity, 250).

See also

  • Browse
  • Collaborative information seeking
  • FBI Seeking Information – War on Terrorism
  • Information foraging
  • On boarding
  • Social information seeking


  1. Jump up^ Brown, CM; Ortega, L. (2007). “Information seeking behavior of physical science librarians: Does research inform practice” . College & Research Libraries . 66 (3): 231-247.
  2. Jump up^ Hemminger, BM; Lu, D .; Vaughan, KTL; Adams, SJ (2007). “Information seeking behavior of academic scientists”. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology . 58 (14): 2205-2225. Doi : 10.1002 / asi.20686 .
  3. Jump up^ Davies, K .; Harrison, J. (2007). “The information-seeking behavior of doctors: A review of the evidence”. Health Information & Libraries Journal . 2 (2): 78-94. Doi : 10.1111 / j.1471-1842.2007.00713.x .
  4. Jump up^ Robinson, MA (2010). “An empirical analysis of engineers’ information behaviors”. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology . 61 (4): 640-658. Doi : 10.1002 / asi.21290 .
  5. Jump up^ Kuhlthau, CC; Tama, SL (2001). “Information search process of lawyers: A call for ‘just for me’ information services”. Journal of Documentation . 57 (1): 25-43. Doi : 10.1108 / EUM0000000007076 .
  6. Jump up^ Khosrowjerdi, M. 2016. A review of the theory-driven models of trust in the online health context. IFLA Journal, 42 (3), 189-206, available
  7. Jump up^ Robinson, MA (2010). “An empirical analysis of engineers’ information behaviors”. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology . 61 (4): 640-658. Doi : 10.1002 / asi.21290 .

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