The term information scientist Developed in the lath portion of the Twentieth Century to describe an individual, usually with a relevant subject degree (Such As one in CIS ) or high level of subject knowledge, providing good Focused information to scientific and technical research staff in industry, A role quite distinct from and complementary to that of a librarian . Developments in end-user searching, together with some convergence between the roles of librarian and information scientist, have led to a decrease in its use in this context, and the term information officer or information professional are also now used.
The term was, and is, used for an individual carrying out research in information science .
Brian C. Vickery mentions que la Institute of Information Scientists (IIS) Was Established in London During 1958 and lists the criteria put forward by this institute “Criteria for Information Science” (appendix 1) as well as His Own “Areas of study in information Science “(appendix 2). The IIS merged with the Library Association in 2002 to form the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP).
- Marcia Bates
- David Blair (information technologist)
- Samuel C. Bradford
- Michael Buckland
- John M. Carroll
- Blaise Cronin
- Eugene Garfield
- Paul B. Kantor
- Frederick Wilfrid Lancaster
- Calvin Mooers
- Robert Saxton Taylor
- Brian Campbell Vickery
- Thomas D. Wilson
- computer scientist
- Information history
- Information science
- Library and information scientist
- Library scholar
- Vickery, B. & Vickery, A. (1987) Information Science in Theory and Practice (London: Bowker-Saur, pp. 361-369)
- Ellis, David and Merete Haugan. (1997), “Modeling the Information Research Patterns of Engineers and Research Scientists in an Industrial Environment” ( Journal of Documentation , Volume 53 (4): pp. 384-403)
- Vickery, Brian Campbell (1988) “Essays presented to BC Vickery” ( Journal of Documentation , Volume 44, pp. 199-283)