Global information system

Definition

There is a variety of definitions and understandings of a global information system (GIS, GLIS), such as

  • global information system (GIS) is an information system that is developed and / or used in a global context. [1]
  • global information system (GIS) is an information system that attempts to deliver the totality of measurable data within a defined context.

Common to this class of information systems is a global setting, either for its use or development process. This means clustering That it highly concerne un distributed systems / distributed computing Where the distribution is global. The term also incorporates aspects of global software development and outsourcing (when the outsourcing locations are globally distributed) and offshoring aspects. A specific aspect of global information systems is the case of global software development . [2] A handbook for researchers in the field of coordination and collaboration between virtual teams.

Tasks in designing global information systems

Critical tasks in designing global information systems

  • Process and system design: How are the processes between distributed actors organized, how are the distributed / integrated systems.
  • Technical architecture: What is the technical infrastructure enabling actors to collaborate?
  • Support mechanisms: How are the processes of communication, collaboration, and cooperation supported?

A variety of examples can be given. Basically every multi-lingual website can be seen as a global information system. However, mostly the term GLIS is used to refer to a specific context.

Examples

Specific examples are

  • Systems developed for multinational users, eg, SAP as a global ERP system
  • Global Information Systems for Education: The Global Learning Objects Brokered Exchange
  • For the specific case of data integration: http://data.un.org , http://www.internettrafficreport.com , http://www.unhcr.org/statistics.html

More information / courses

  • Global Information Systems at the University of Jyväskylä
  • Resources on Global Information Technology at AIS World

References

  1. Jump up^ Pawlowski, JM: Global Information Systems (Global Information Systems). In: Kurbel, K., Becker, J., Gronau, N., Sinz, E., Suhl, L. (Eds.): Online Lexikon Wirtschaftsinformatik Online Encyclopedia Business Information Systems , Oldenburg, 2008.
  2. Jump up^ Sangwan, R., Bass, M., Mullick, N., Paulish, DJ, Kazmeier, J. (2006): Global Software Development Handbook, Auerback Publications, 2006.ISBN 0-8493-9384-1
  3. Jump up^ Carmel, E. (1999): Global Software Teams: Collaborating Across Borders and Time Zones (ISBN 0-13-924218-X
  4. Jump up^ Garton, C., Wegryn, K. (2006): Managing Without Walls: Maximize Success with Virtual, Global.

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