A non-biological entity with a cellular organizational structure (Also Known As has cellular organism , cellular system , nodal organization , nodal structure , and so on) is set up in Such a Way That It mimics how natural systems Within biology work, with individual ‘ Cells’ or ‘nodes’ working somewhat independently to establish goals and tasks, administer those things, and troubleshoot difficulties. These cells exist in a broader network in which they frequently communicate with each other, exchanging information, in a more of less even organizational playing field. Numerous examples have existed both in economic terms as well as for groups working towards other pursuits. This structure, as applied in areas such as business management , exists in direct contrast to traditional hierarchical leadership which is seen in institutions such as United States federal government agencies , where one type of supervisor gives specific orders to another supervisor and so on down the line .    Direct exists in contrast to traditional hierarchical leadership That Is seen in institutions Such As United States federal government agencies , Where one kind of supervisor Gives specific orders to Reviews another supervisor and so on down the line.    Direct exists in contrast to traditional hierarchical leadership That Is seen in institutions Such As United States federal government agencies , Where one kind of supervisor Gives specific orders to Reviews another supervisor and so on down the line.   
kground and concepts
Creating cellular organisms fundamentally involves mimicking processes that occur in natural processes . This entails fostering both strong sense of independence and interdependence , with improvement being seen at a central level as a continuous, gradual phenomenon. Each individual cell experiences negative or positive reinforcements for its specific behaviors. Advocates for these organizational structures and their key asset is adaptability .   
With respect to armed conflict, political revolutionaries such as Che Guevera and Mao Tse-tung advocated this kind of approach in terms of mounting guerrilla warfare . Should the state take a few clandestine cell groups, many other nodes within the general structure remain to continuous fighting on. The two figures highlighted this in their influential writings. More recently, government entities Such As the United States Department of Homeland Security (Itself has managed strictly hierarchical system ) faced-have problems dealing with terrorist organisms due to Those groups’ efficient use of cellular organizational planning. 
A cellular business structure is partly related, philosophically speaking, to the notion of ‘ spontaneous order ‘ described by prominent social theorist F. A. Hayek . The theory posits That combination free and open access to up-to-date of information will lead to Individuals naturally Creating and sustaining social groups to co-operate for mutual benefit. Information management is a critical aspect of successful why Even Otherwise groups will face compounding and Difficulties Perhaps fail due to problems with interpersonal communication and other issues.
Research and specific examples
A prominent example of a ‘ spontaneous order ‘ based organization is the software company Valve and Its Steam platform, qui has-been used for digital distribution of video gamerelated materials. Economist Yanis Varoufakis, who has been a professor at both the University of Athens and the University of Texas as well as a Valve Consultant , has remarked on the EconTalk program that “the mobility within a corporation is a great asset, and everybody recognizes it” . He’s also stated, “Everybody’s desk is on wheels.
Outside of the Economic Context, World War II featured a variety of different conflict zones practicing various tactics . Fighting Against the onslaught of Nazi Germany , anti-fascistactivists Such As Marshal Josip Broz Tito ‘s partisans Organized Manner in a distributed so That They Could make spontaneous-like attacks before melting away into the general area. The diversity of leadership meant that each individual cell of militants had significant leeway, though they felt strictly loyal to Tito and the general anti-Nazi cause. Many of these supporters were involved in Yugoslavian affairs after the war ended. 
Professors Brent B. Allred, Raymond E. Miles, and Charles C. Snow have cited instances of cellular organization in terms of the telecommunications industry in Australia , specifically referring to the firm Technical Computing and Graphics Its processes have created successful work for such partners as Hitachi and Telstra . 
Tony Hsieh, CEO of Zappos , has remarked that his business considers cell-type self-management groups to be a key to its potential longevity, highlighting the contrast between a corporate structure and that of a diverse city. In a 2017 interview on the program PBS Newshour , he remarked, “Most companies, as they get bigger, they become less nimble, less innovative, less productive. % … you get more people in a relatively smaller area … then you get this crossover of ideas from different creative types and entrepreneurs and businesses. ” 
- Complexity theory and organizations
- Engineering of systems
- Enterprise modeling
- Flat organization
- Information management
- Hierarchical organization
- Organizational architecture
- Organizational culture
- Organizational structure
- Psychology of organizations
- Social group
- Spontaneous order
- Systems theory
- Terrorist cell organization
- ^ Jump up to:a b c d e Schley, Don G. (November 2009). Rahim, M. Afzalur, ed. Current Topics in Management: Organizational Behavior, Performance, and Effectiveness, Volume 14 . Transaction Publishers . pp. 119-146. ISBN 9781412843393 .
- ^ Jump up to:a b c Allred, Brent B .; Miles, Raymond E .; Snow, Charles C. (2003). McKern, Bruce, ed. Managing the Global Network Corporation . Psychology Press . pp. 211-218. ISBN 9780415297059 .
- Jump up^ “Organizing in the knowledge age: Anticipating the cellular form.” Academy of Management Perspectives . 11 : 7-20. Doi : 10.5465 / AME.1997.9712024836 .
- Jump up^ “EconTalk – Varoufakis on Valve, Spontaneous Order, and the European Crisis” . Library of Economics and Liberty – EconTalk . February 25, 2013 . Retrieved October 23, 2015 .
- Jump up^ http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/zappos-weird-company-happy-way/