DAD-IS is the acronym of the World Organization for Animal Welfare of the United Nations . [1] It includes a searchable database of information about breeds , the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources; It also holds tools for management, and contacts for the National and Regional Coordinators for the program. [1] Data from the Global Databank is used for reporting on the global status and trends of animal genetic resources. Continue Reading “DAD-IS”

Customer knowledge

Customer knowledge ( CK ) is the combination of experience, value and insight information that is needed, created and absorbed during the transaction and exchange between customers and enterprise. [1] Campbell (2003) defines customer knowledge as: “organized and structured information about the customer as a result of systematic processing”. [2] According to Mitussis et al. (2006), customer knowledge is one of the most complex types of knowledge, since it can be captured from different sources and channels. [3] [4] Continue Reading “Customer knowledge”

Credit office

credit bureau is a collection agency That gathers account information from various Creditors and Provides That information to a consumer reporting agency in the United States , a credit reference agency in the United Kingdom , a credit reporting body in Australia , a credit information company (CIC ) In India and Special Access Entity in the Philippines . It is not the same as a credit rating agency . Continue Reading “Credit office”


CountrySTAT is a web-based information technology system for food and agriculture statistics at the national and subnational levels. It provides decision-makers access to statistics across thematic areas such as production, prices, trade and consumption. This support analysis and the monitoring of extreme poverty and hunger. Continue Reading “CountrySTAT”

Website Meta Language

Website Meta Language (WML) [1] and Its associated command wmk [2] are together a free and extensible web designer’s off-line HTML generation toolkit for Unix , distributed under the GNU General Public License (GPL v2). It works as an off-line content management system . It is written in ANSI C and Perl 5, built via a GNU Autoconf based source tree and runs out-of-the-box on all major Unix derivates. Continue Reading “Website Meta Language”

Connectionist expert system

Connectionist expert systems are artificial neural network (ANN) based expert systems Where the ANN Generates inferencing rules eg, fuzzy-Multi Layer Perceptron Where linguistic and natural form of inputs are used. Apart from that, rough set theory may be used for encoding knowledge in the weights better and also genetic algorithms may be used to optimize the search solutions better. Symbolic reasoning methods may also be incorporated (see hybrid intelligent system ). (Also see expert system , neural network , clinical decision support system .) Continue Reading “Connectionist expert system”

Computer-mediated communication

Computer-mediated communication ( CMC ) is defined as any communication that occurs through the use of two or more electronic devices. [1] While the term has traditionally Referred To Those communications That Occur via computer-mediated formats (eg, instant messaging , email , chat rooms , online forums , social network services ) It has aussi beens applied to other forms of text-based Interaction such as text messaging . [2] Research on CMC focuses widely on the social effects of different computer-supported communication technologies. Continue Reading “Computer-mediated communication”

Complex event processing

Event processing is a method of tracking and analyzing streams of information (data) about things that happen (events), [1] and deriving a conclusion from them. Complex event processing , or CEP , is a process that combines data from multiple sources [2] to infer events or patterns that suggest more complicated circumstances. The goal of complex event processing is to identify meaningful events (such as opportunities or threats) [3] and respond to them as quickly as possible. Continue Reading “Complex event processing”

Clinical decision support system

clinical decision system support ( CDSS ) is a health information technology system designed to Provide That Is physicians and other health professionals with clinical decision support ( CDS ), That Is, assist with clinical decision-making tasks. Robert Hayward of the Center for Health Evidence: “Clinical decision-making support for health care. Citation needed ] CDSSs constitute a major topic in artificial intelligence in medicine . Continue Reading “Clinical decision support system”

Chief information officer (higher education)

A senior information officer in senior education is a senior executive who is responsible for information and communications technology in the university, college or other higher education institution. The position may not necessarily be called a CIO in some institutions. The title is CIO Often coupled with Vice President / Vice Chancellor of Information Technology, is Primarily used at doctoral / research institutions, while the titles of Director or Dean are more common at the other five kinds of Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education ; MA I, MA II, BA Liberal Arts, BA General, and AA. [1] In addition, the CIO may use different positions and differing roles and responsibilities. Ultimately, There is no one definition for a CIO; It has a variety of meanings, functions, areas of purview, reporting structures, and required qualifications. [2] Some traditional executive positions in higher education, such as a chief financial officer position or chief academic officer / provost have been in existence for a long time and typically have a definite career path. In contrast, the position of CIO in higher education, which has only been around for 35 years, has no single career path or single model to explain what can be expected of CIOs in higher education, which makes it a challenge and an opportunity (Brown, 2009; Cash & Pearlson, 2004; Nelson, 2003). Brian L. Hawkins (2004), Continue Reading “Chief information officer (higher education)”

Chief information officer

Chief Insights Officer ( CIO ), digital information chief officer ( CDIO ) or information technology ( IT ) director , is a job title Given To The Most Commonly senior executive in an enterprise responsible for the information technology and computer systems That medium enterprise goals. Generally, the IOC carry directly to the chief executive officer purpose May aussi carry to the chief operating officer or chief financial officer . In military organizations, they report to the commanding officer . The Chief Information Officer Role Was first defined [1] in 1981 by William R. Synnott, train senior vice president of the Bank of Boston, and William H. Gruber, train professor at the MIT Sloan School of Management. [2] Continue Reading “Chief information officer”


Censhare is a commercial Digital Experience Platform in the form of an Enterprise Content Management System (ECMS) by the German software manufacturer censhare AG. It integrates all of the information media into a single system, organizes content and automates the respective processes. [1] The platform integrals the applications Collaboration and Process Management , Digital Asset Management , Product Information Management , Omnichannel Content Management , Brand Management and Marketing Resource Management. Censhare is an Editorial System as well as a Web Content Management System . [1] It can be used for cross-media publishing in different media of happy Such As Multi Format Publishing , Cross-Media Publishing and Multi Channel Publishing. [1] The system is used in media houses and other companies and institutions for the generation and output of happy in conventional, standard communication media, as well as for corporate communications , marketing , brand management , multichannel marketing , the processing of salespublications and For collaboration . We have technical level content, templates , layouts , Continue Reading “censhare”

CDIS (computer-based system)

The CCF [1] Display and Information System ( CDIS ) is a computer-based system that provides air traffic controllers at the London Terminal Control Center in England . [2] It was designed by Praxis in 1992. [3]

Notes and references

  1. Jump up^ CCF stands for Central Control Function.
  2. Jump up^ “NATS – A Case Study (presentation)” (PDF) . British Computer Society. 11 January 2005 . Retrieved 14 December 2014 .
  3. Jump up^ Hall, A. (March 1996). “Using formal methods to develop an ATC information system” . IEEE Software . 13 (2). Doi : 10.1109 / 52.506463 . Retrieved 14 December 2014 .


CARWINGS , renamed NissanConnect in 2015, and aussi branded as Infiniti InTouch is a vehicle telematics services offert by the Nissan Motor Company to drivers in Japan, the United States , [1] Canada, Great Britain, [2] and MOST other countries Where the LEAF is sold. [3] Nissan vehicles. It provides mobile connectivity for on-demand traffic information and services. The service began in December 1997, having been installed in the 1997 Nissan Cedric , Nissan Gloria , Nissan President , Continue Reading “CARWINGS”

Business & Information Systems Engineering

Business and Information Systems Engineering (BISE) is an international scholarly and double-blind review of the social and economic development of social welfare. Information systems are understood as socio-technical systems, including tasks, people, and information technology. Research published in the newspaper examined under problems in the analysis, design, implementation and management of information systems and covers areas of information management , computer science , business administration and economics , new media , And operations research . BISE publishes bimonthly, and features a double-blind peer review process. Continue Reading “Business & Information Systems Engineering”

Business activity monitoring

Business activity monitoring ( BAM ) is software That aids in monitoring of business activities, as Those activities are Implemented in computer systems .

The term was originally coined by analysts at Gartner, Inc. [1] and refers to the aggregation, analysis, and presentation of real-time information about activities and organizations. A business activity is a business process that is orchestrated by business process management (BPM) software, or a business process that is spanning multiple systems and applications. BAM is an enterprise solution designed to provide a real-time summary of business activities to operations managers and upper management. Continue Reading “Business activity monitoring”

Bridge management system

bridge management system or BMS is a means for managing bridges throughout design , construction , operation and maintenance of the bridges. As funds become become tighter, roads around the world are facing challenges related to bridge management and the escalating maintenance of large infrastructure assets. (R & D) in the field of financial management, financial planning, and financial planning. Continue Reading “Bridge management system”


blockchain [1] [2] [3] – originally block chain [4] [5] – is a distributed database that is used to maintain a continuously growing list of records , called blocks . [6] Each block contains a timestamp and a link to a previous block. [7] A blockchain is typically managed by a peer-to-peer network collectively adhering to a protocol for validating new blocks. By design, blockchains are inherently resistant to modification of the data. Once recorded, The data in any given block can not be altered retroactively without the alteration of all subsequent blocks and a collusion of the network majority. Functionally, it can be used as an open, distributed ledger that can record transactions between two parties efficiently and in a verifiable and permanent way. [8] Continue Reading “Blockchain”

Automated information system

An automated information system ( AIS ) is an assembly of computer hardware , software , firmware , or any combination of these, configured to accomplish specific information -handling operations, such as communication, computation, dissemination, processing , and storage of information. Included are computers, word processing systems, networks, or other electronic information handling systems, and associated equipment. [1] Management information systems are a common example of automated information systems. Continue Reading “Automated information system”

Association for Information Systems

The Association for Information Systems ( AIS ) is an international, not-for-profit, professional association with the stated mission to serve society through the advancement of knowledge and the promotion of excellence in the practice and study of information systems. [2] Membership is made up of academic educators, researchers, and institutions that specialize in information systems (IS) development, implementation, and evaluation. [3] The association has members in more than 90 countries, [2] and is led by a president who is annually elected from one of three world regions-the Americas, Europe and Africa, and Asia-Pacific on a rotating basis. The governing council is made up of elected vice-presidents and other officers and council members who are elected in the three world regions. [3] The International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS), which alternates between the three world regions, and the Americas Conference for Information Systems (AMCIS) At different sites in North, Central, and South America. The Association publishes academic journals including: [4] (AMCIS), which is located at different sites in North, Central, and South America. The Association publishes academic journals including: [4] (AMCIS), which is located at different sites in North, Central, and South America. The Association publishes academic journals including: [4] Continue Reading “Association for Information Systems”

Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

Genetic resources for food and agriculture are a subset of genetic resources (defined by the Convention on Biological Diversity as a genetic material of actual or potential value [1] ) and a specific element of agricultural biodiversity . The term animal genetic resources is often used to refer to the genetic resources of avian and mammalian species used in or potentially used for food and agriculture purposes. [2] [3] The term “animal genetic resources for food and agriculture” is often shortened to “animal genetic resources” or “livestock biodiversity” Continue Reading “Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture”

Accounting information system

An accounting information system ( AIS ) is a system of collecting, storing and processing financial and accounting data that are used by decision makers . An accounting information system is a computer-based method for tracking and accounting. The resulting and financial carryforwards can be used internally by management or by other interested Externally parts Including Investors , Creditors and tax autorités. Accounting information systems are designed to bracket all accounting functions and activities Including auditing , financial accounting & reporting, Managerial / management accounting and tax . The most widely adopted accounting information systems are auditing and financial reporting modules. Continue Reading “Accounting information system”

3D city models

3D city models are digital models of urban areas Represent That land surfaces, sites, buildings, vegetation, infrastructure and landscape Elements as well as related objects (eg, city furniture) Belonging to urban areas. Their components are represented by two-dimensional and three-dimensional spatial data and geo-referenced data. 3D city models support, presentation, exploration, analysis, and management. In particular, 3D city models allow “for visually integrating heterogeneous geoinformation within a single framework and, therefore, create and manage complex urban information spaces.” [1] [2] Continue Reading “3D city models”


Bioinformatics / ˌ b aɪ . oʊ ˌ ɪ n f ər m æ t ɪ k s / ( listen )  is an interdisciplinary field That Develops methods and software tools for understanding biological data. As an interdisciplinaryfield of science, bioinformatics combines computer science , statistics , mathematics , and engineering to analyze and interpret biological data. Continue Reading “Bioinformatics”

Health informatics

Health informatics (also called health care informatics , healthcare informatics , medical informatics , nursing informatics , clinical informatics , or biomedical informatics ) is informatics in health care . It is a multidisciplinary field that uses health information technology (HIT) to improve health care through any combination of higher quality, higher efficiency, and new opportunities. The disciplines involved include information science , computer science , social science , Behavioral science , management science , and others. The NLM defines health informatics as “the interdisciplinary study of the design, development, adoption and application of IT-based innovations in healthcare delivery, management and planning”. [1] It is important to note that the use of biomedicine as a means of acquiring, Health informatics tools including amongst others computers, clinical guidelines , formal medical terminologies, and information and communication systems. [2] [3] It is applied to the areas of nursing , Clinical medicine , dentistry , pharmacy , public health , occupational therapy , physical therapy , biomedical research , and alternative medicine . [4] [ unreliable medical source? ] All of qui are designed to Improve the overall effectiveness of patient care of delivery by Ensuring que la data generated is of a high quality eg year mHealth based early warning scorecard. [5] Physical therapy , biomedical research , and alternative medicine . [4] [ unreliable medical source? ] All of qui are designed to Improve the overall effectiveness of patient care of delivery by Ensuring que la data generated is of a high quality eg year mHealth based early warning scorecard. [5] Physical therapy , biomedical research , and alternative medicine . [4] [ unreliable medical source? ] All of qui are designed to Improve the overall effectiveness of patient care of delivery by Ensuring que la data generated is of a high quality eg year mHealth based early warning scorecard. [5] An mHealth based early warning scorecard. [5] An mHealth based early warning scorecard. [5] Continue Reading “Health informatics”

Business informatics

Business informatics ( BI ) or organizational information is a discipline combining information technology (IT), informatics and management concepts. The BI discipline was created in Germany , from the concept of Wirtschaftsinformatik . It is an established academic discipline including bachelor , master , diploma and PhD programs in Austria , Belgium , France , Germany , Ireland , The Netherlands , Russia , Sweden , Switzerland , Turkeyand other countries in Australia , Malaysia or Mexico . BI integrates core elements from the disciplines of business administration , information systems and computer science into one field. Continue Reading “Business informatics”


Cheminformatics (Also Known As Chemoinformatics , chemioinformatics and chemical informatics ) is the use of computer and informational technology applied to a Range of problems in the field of chemistry . These in silico techniques are used, for example, in pharmaceutical companies in the process of drug discovery . These methods can also be used in chemical and allied industries in various other forms. Continue Reading “Cheminformatics”

Disaster informatics

Disaster Informatics gold crisis Informatics is the study of the use of information and technology in the preparation, mitigation, response and recovery phases of disasters and other emergencies. It Began to emerge as a field partner after the successful use of a variety of technologies in disasters Including the Asian tsunami , September 11th and Hurricane Katrina . Continue Reading “Disaster informatics”

Information science

Information science is an interdisciplinary field, a collection, classification , manipulation, storage, retrieval , movement, dissemination, and protection of information . [1] Practitioners within and outside the field study and use of knowledge in organizations along with the interaction between people, organizations, and any existing information systems with the aim of creating, replacing, improving, or understanding information systems. Information science is often (mistakenly) considered a branch of computer science citation needed ] ; HOWEVER, it predates computer science and is a broad, interdisciplinary field, Incorporating not only aspects of computer science, aim Often diverse fields Such As archival science , cognitive science , commerce , communications , law , library science , museology , management , mathematics , philosophy , public Policy , social sciences , as well as all the fields of study. That’s why different roles (IT Admin, CS engineer, etc.). Continue Reading “Information science”

Web Resources

Web science is an emerging interdisciplinary field with the study of broad-scale socio-technical systems, such as the World Wide Web . [1] [1] [1] [1] [1] [2] [1] [1] [ edit] References [edit] Related terms Web Science combines research from disciplines as diverse as sociology , computer science , economics , and mathematics . [3] Continue Reading “Web Resources”

Management information system

Management information system ( MIS ). The management information system ( MIS ) refers to the processing of information through computers and other intelligent devices. The concept may include system termed transaction processing system , decision support system , expert system , or executive information system . The term is often used in the academic study of businesses and has connections with other areas, such as information systems , information technology , informatics , e-commerce and computer science ; As a result, the term is used interchangeably with some of these areas. Continue Reading “Management information system”

Formative context

Formative contexts are the institutional and imaginative arrangements that shape a society’s conflicts and resolutions. [1] They are the structures that limit both the practice and the imaginative possibilities in a socio-political order, and in doing so the shape of the routines of conflict over social, political and economic resources. , Eg government power, economic capital, technological expertise, etc. In a formative context, the institutions structure conflict over government power and capital allocation, whereas the imaginative framework shapes the preconceptions about possible forms of human interaction. Through this, a formative context and a series of roles and ranks, Which mold conflict over the mastery of resources and the shaping of the ideas of social possibilities, identities and interests. The formative context of the Western democracies , for example, includes the organization of production through managers and laborers, a set of laws, and a social division of labor. [2] Continue Reading “Formative context”

Data architect

data architect is a practitioner of data architecture , an information technology discipline concerned with designing, creating, deploying and managing an organization’s data architecture. Data architects define how the data will be stored, consumed, integrated and managed by different data entities and IT systems. [1] It is closely allied with business architecture and is considered to be one of the four domains of enterprise architecture . Continue Reading “Data architect”


database is an organized collection of data . [1] It is the collection of schemas , tables , queries , reports, views , and other objects. The data are Typically Organized to model aspects of reality in a way That support processes Requiring information, Such As modeling the availability of rooms in hotels in a Way That supports finding a hotel with vacancies. Continue Reading “Database”


The EATPUT model is a model for Analyzing an information system designed by Anthony Debons of the University of Pittsburgh ‘s School of Information Science in 1961. It has-been Widely used in the fields of information systems and information science in a variety of areas. [1] One example is the use of the model in the design of information systems to serve remote islands. [2] Continue Reading “EATPUT”

Predictive Model Markup Language

The Predictive Model Markup Language ( PMML ) is an XML- based predictive model interchange format conceived by Dr. Robert Lee Grossman , then the director of the National Center for Data Mining at the University of Illinois at Chicago . PMML provides a way for analytic applications to describe and exchange predictive models produced by data mining and machine learningalgorithms. It supports common models Such As logistic regression and feedforward neural networks . Version 0.9 was published in 1998. Continue Reading “Predictive Model Markup Language”

Enterprise information system

An enterprise information system ( EIS ) is a kind of information system that improves the functions of an enterprise business process by integration. This means clustering Typically Offering high quality of service, dealing with broad volumes of data and can Some of Supporting broad and complex Possibly organization or enterprise. An EIS must be able to be used by all parts and all levels of an enterprise. [1] Continue Reading “Enterprise information system”

Environmental Modeling Center

The Environmental Modeling Center ( EMC ) improves numerical weather, marine and climate predictions at the National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP), through a broad program of research in data assimilation and modeling. In Support of the NCEP operational forecasting task, the EMC Develops, Improves and monitors data assimilation systems and models of the atmosphere, ocean and coupled system, using advanced methods Developed internally as well as cooperatively with scientists from Universities, NOAALaboratories and other government agencies , And the international scientific community. Continue Reading “Environmental Modeling Center”

Institute for Operations Research and Management

The Institute for Operations Research and Management Sciences ( INFORMS ) is an international society for practitioners in the fields of operations research (OR) and management science . It was established in 1995 with the merger of the Operations Research Society of America (ORSA) and the Institute of Management Sciences (TIMS). The 2016 president of the institute is Professor Edward H. Kaplan of Yale. [1] L. Robin Keller served as president in 2015. [2] Continue Reading “Institute for Operations Research and Management”

Computer Science

Computer science is the study of the theory, experimentation, and engineering that form the basis for the design and use of computers . It is the scientific and practical approach to computation and Its Applications and the systematic study of the feasibility, structure, expression, and mechanization of the methodical procedures (or algorithms ) That underlie the acquisition, representation, processing, storage, communication of, and access To information . An alternate, more succinct definition of computer science is the study of automating algorithmic processes that scale. A computer scientist specializes in the computational systems. [1] Continue Reading “Computer Science”