Preference elicitation

Preference elicitation Refers to the problem of Developing a decision support system able of Generating recommendations to a user, THUS Assisting in decision making. It is important for such a system to model user’s preferences accurately, find hidden preferences and avoid redundancy. This problem is sometimes studied as a computational learning theory problem. Another approach for formulating this problem is a partially observable Markov decision process . The formulation of this problem is also dependent on the context of the area in which it is studied. Continue Reading “Preference elicitation”

Physical Internet

In logistics, the Physical Internet is an open global logistics system founded on physical, digital, and operational interconnectivity, through encapsulation, interfaces and protocols.[1] The Physical Internet is intended to replace current logistical models.[2][3] The project currently has funding from the National Science Foundation as well as contributions from MHIA and CICMHE.[4] Continue Reading “Physical Internet”

Phased adoption

Phased adoption is a strategy of implementing an innovation (ie, information systems , new technologies, processes, etc.) in an organization in a phased way, so that different parts of the organization are implemented in different subsequent slots. Phased implementation, phased strategy, phased introduction, phased introduction, phased introduction and staged conversion.

Personal knowledge management

Personal Knowledge Management ( PKM ) is a collection of processes That a person uses to gather, classify, store, search, retrieve and share knowledge In Their daily activities ( Grundspenkis 2007 ) and the way in qui thesis processes supporting work activities ( Wright 2005 ) . It is a response to the idea That knowledge workers need to be Responsible for Their Own growth and learning ( Smedley 2009 ). It is a bottom-up approach to knowledge management (KM) ( Pollard 2008 ). Continue Reading “Personal knowledge management”

OSCAR railway costing

OSCAR (operational simplified costing analysis for railways) is a railway costing model developed by CPCS Transcom Limited in Canada. Developed with World Bank funding, it is currently being used by almost 20 railways throughout Africa and Asia. OSCAR is used as a tool to help railway companies understand the cost of doing business. Railway companies use OSCAR to set appropriate tariffs, reduce costs, and rationalize service. OSCAR can be used for passenger, rail, and mixed systems. Continue Reading “OSCAR railway costing”

Organizing vision

The Organizing Vision (OV) is a term developed by E. Swanson Burton and Neil Ramiller That olefins how a vision is FORMED, a vision of how to organizes structures and processes in regards to an information systemsinnovation. Images and ideas about an innovation from a wider community are brought together. The vision can often be characterized by buzzwords . While they are often used as a guide for organizing vision, Continue Reading “Organizing vision”

Multiple-criteria decision analysis

Multi-criteria decision-making ( MCDM ) or multi-criteria decision analysis ( MCDA ) is a sub-discipline of operations research That Explicitly multiple Evaluates conflicting criteria in decision making (both in daily life and in settings Such As business, government and medicine ). Conflicting criteria are the most cost-effective and cost-effective way to evaluate the cost effectiveness of a contract. In purchasing a car, cost, comfort, safety, and fuel economy may be some of the main criteria we consider – it is unusual that the cheapest car is the most comfortable and safest one. In portfolio management , we are interested in obtaining high returns of the losing money. In a service industry, customer satisfaction and the cost of providing services are fundamental conflicting criteria. Continue Reading “Multiple-criteria decision analysis”


NESI , or Net-centric Enterprised Solutions for Interoperability is a joint effort between the United States Navy’s Executive Office for C4I and the United States Air Force’s Electronic Systems Center. It provides implementation guidance qui Facilitates the design, development and maintenance, evolution, and use of information systems for the Net-Centric Operations and Warfare ( NCOW ) environment. NESI has also been provided to other Department of Defense (DoD) services and agencies for potential adoption. [1] Continue Reading “NESI”


G-Book is a telematics service service provided by Toyota Motor Corporation in Japan [1] [2] [3] [4] for its Toyota and Lexus -branded vehicles. G-Book Allows users to link with cellphones (Such As the Toshiba T003 cellphone). [5] Personal digital assistants ( PDA ) ‘s, personal computers (PC) and G-Book equipped cars across Japan. [6] It is based on the GAZOO infrastructure (renamed Toyota Media Service Corporation) of Toyota’s membership-based information service and membership system, And it provides interactive information services via a mobile phone. It also incorporates information from Toyota Mapmaster Inc. which updates digital mapping information and is used by various international companies. Continue Reading “G-Book”

Geographical Operations System

In telecommunications , a Geographical Operations System (GOS) combines the integration of data with geographic mapping in a consolidated process for telecommunications companies. The process can be defined as, “… the wedding That Integrating Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Operational Support Systems (OSS) Entails …” [1] in a telecommunications company. The goal of a GOS is to open the spreading of information Among employees of a company by providing good access to equal geographic representation and database information about customers and equipment to Ensure the deliverance of services. A Geographical Operations System is meant to provide all employees, from database managers to field technicians and customer service representatives, with equal access to information in order to enhance services and respond to problems. A GOS is adopted by telecommunications companies to combine maps of the company’s service area with database information about the company’s customers and equipment. Continue Reading “Geographical Operations System”

German Emigrants Database

The German Emigrants Database is a research project [1] on European emigration to the United States of America . It is hosted by the Historisches Museum Bremerhaven . The database contains information about individuals who emigrated during the period of 1820-1939 mainly through German ports to the United States. [2] [3] The aim of the GED is to make the data available to historical and social science research worldwide. Moreover, the GED allows socio-statistical evaluations of emigrant data. In addition, the GED allows people to look for immigrant ancestors. The German Emigrants Database is financed by private donations and donated by the database. Thus it receives no public subsidy. The revenues will be used entirely for the further expansion of the database. Legal and financial holder of the GED is the charitable Association of Friends of the Historisches Museum Bremerhaven eV ” Continue Reading “German Emigrants Database”

Global Change Information System

The US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) develops and curates the global information exchange system (GCIS) [1] to establish “data interfaces and interoperable repositories of climate and global change data. , Maintained and expanded over time. ” [2] The initial focus of GCIS is to support the United States Third National Climate Assessment (NCA3), which is to publish the results of the transparency and ability of the decision-makers to understand the conclusions and use of the underlying data for their own practical purposes. [3] [4] Continue Reading “Global Change Information System”

Human resource management system

Human Resource Management System or HRIS (Human Resource Information System) is a form of HR software that combines a number of systems and processes to ensure the easy management of a company’s employees and data. Human Resources is a leading provider of human resources management solutions for the healthcare industry. It ensures everyday human resources processes are manageable and easy to access. It merges human resources as a discipline and, in particular, its basic HR activities and processes with the information technology field, whereas the programming of data processing systems Evolved into standardized routines and packages of enterprise resource planning (ERP) software. On the whole, these ERP systems have their origin from software which integrates information from different applications into one universal database. The linkage of its financial and human resource modules through one database is the most important distinction to the individual and proprietarily developed predecessors, which makes this software application both rigid and flexible. Continue Reading “Human resource management system”

Identity correlation

In information systems, identity correlation is a process That reconciles and validates the proper ownership of disparate user account login IDs ( user names ) That lies are systems and Throughout applications year organization and can Permanently link ownership Of Those user account login IDs to Particular Individuals by Assigning a unique identifier to all validated. [1] Continue Reading “Identity correlation”

Manufacturing execution system

Manufacturing execution systems ( MES ) are computerized systems used in manufacturing , to track and record the processing of raw materials to finished goods. MES provides information that helps manufacturing decision makers. [1] MES works in real time to enable the control of multiple elements of the production process (eg inputs, personnel, machines and support services). Continue Reading “Manufacturing execution system”

MIS Quarterly Executive

MIS Quarterly Executive is a quarterly journal covering the management of information systems . The Journal was founded in 2002. [1] Its purpose is to encourage practice-based research in the field and to disseminate the results of this research into a much more relevant manner to practitioners. It is sponsored by Indiana University ‘s Kelley School of Business . [2] It is based in Bloomington, Indiana . [3] Continue Reading “MIS Quarterly Executive”


Mi-Case is a suite of web-based CAS management and operations management software provided by CASMACO Ltd. (Trading as Mi-Case). A multi-agency approach to the offender management and correctional services, the use of alcohol and drug abuse, policing, probation, healthcare and the court system. The Mi-Case Upstream is used by the upstream oil and gas industry to support incident management as well as root cause analysis in production. Continue Reading “Mi-Case”

Master of Business Informatics

Master of Business Informatics ( MBI ) is a postgraduate degree in Business Informatics (BI). BI programs combine information technology (IT) and management in Europe. [1] The first master programs in Business Informatics were offered by the University of Rostock , as a face-to-face program, and by the Virtual Global University (VGU) together with the European University Viadrina Frankfurt (See virtual education ). An MBI program, which includes inter-cultural studies on business operations in European markets, was first offered by Dublin City University . Within the Bologna process , many Central European programs have been developed in Business Informatics. Due to legal frameworks and restrictions, however, most of these programs are mandatory to award an MS degree instead of an MBI degree. Continue Reading “Master of Business Informatics”

Marine Life Information Network

The Marine Life Information Network ( MarLIN ) is an information system for marine biodiversity for Great Britain and Ireland . [1]

Marlin was established in 1998 by the Marine Biological Association together with the environmental protection agencies and academic institutions in Britain and Ireland. [1]

The MarLIN data access program has now become the DASSH Marine Data Archive. The National Marine Biological Library (NMBL) and the MBA’s historical role in marine science.


  1. ^ Jump up to:b MarLIN website

Management information system

Management information system ( MIS ). The management information system ( MIS ) refers to the processing of information through computers and other intelligent devices. The concept may include system termed transaction processing system , decision support system , expert system , or executive information system . The term is often used in the academic study of businesses and has connections with other areas, such as information systems , information technology , informatics , e-commerce and computer science ; As a result, the term is used interchangeably with some of these areas. Continue Reading “Management information system”

Local information systems

Local information system ( LIS ) is a form of information system built with business intelligence tools , designed Primarily to Support geographic reporting . They overlap With Some capabilities of geographic information systems (GIS), ALTHOUGH Their primary function is the reporting of statistical data Rather than the analysis of geospatial data . LIS also tends to offer some common knowledge management functionality for storage and retrieval of unstructured data such as documents. They provide functionality to load, store, analyze and present statistical data that has a strong geographic reference. In MOST cases the data is structured as indicators and is linked to discrete geographic areas, for example population figures for US counties gold numbers claiming unemployment benefit across wards in England . The ability to present this data using data visualization tools like charts and maps is also a feature of these systems. Continue Reading “Local information systems”

Legal expert system

legal expert system is a domain-specific expert system That uses artificial intelligence to emulate the decision-making abilities of a human expert in the field of law. [1] : 172 Legal expert systems employee a rule based or knowledge base and an inference engine to accumulate, reference and Produce expert knowledge is specific subjects dans le legal domain. Continue Reading “Legal expert system”

Laws of information systems

The Laws of Information Systems are a collection of observations and assertions Generalizations Characterizing the behavior of people, hardware, software, and procedures enclosed in a clear scope (an information system ). An information system is an amalgam of scientific and humanistic disciplines including computer science, management science and social sciences. It is therefore provided by laws as well as a number of principles. These span the range of transaction processing , effective systems, user interfaces and system development. These “Laws” should not be confused with Scientific or Physical Laws . Continue Reading “Laws of information systems”

Laboratory information management system

laboratory information management system ( LIMS ), sometimes Referred to as a laboratory information system ( LIS ) or laboratory management system ( LMS ) is a software-based laboratory and information management system with features That support has modern laboratory’s operations. Key features include but are limited to- workflow and data tracking support, flexible architecture, and data exchange interfaces, which fully support its use in regulated environments. Continue Reading “Laboratory information management system”


LabLynx, Inc. is a privately owned, funded, and managed company that develops, supports, and markets laboratory information management system (LIMS) solutions. ELab, [3]webLIMS, and their successor, LabLynx LIMS. The company’s primary clients include laboratories in agriculture, clinical, environmental, forensics , health care, and manufacturing industries, including government agencies. [4] [5] [6] [7] The company is Known for Introducing one of the first browser-based LIMS products in 1997 [8] [9] and being white in the laboratory informatics industry for decades. Continue Reading “LabLynx”

Journal of Strategic Information Systems

The Journal of Strategic Information Systems is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering management , business, and organizational issues associated with the use of information systems . It was established in December 1991 and is published by Elsevier . The editors-in-chief are Bob Galliers ( Bentley University and Loughborough University , since 1991) and Sirkka Jarvenpaa ( University of Texas at Austin , since 1999). Continue Reading “Journal of Strategic Information Systems”

Joint Regional Information Exchange System

The Joint Regional Information Exchange System (JRIES) Began in December 2002 as an all-source intelligence / information sharing system, designed INITIALLY as a grassroots pilot system to connect the California Anti-Terrorism Information Center, the New York Police Department, and the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA). Continue Reading “Joint Regional Information Exchange System”

Joint application design

Joint application design ( JAD ) is a process used in the life cycle of the dynamic systems development method (DSDM) to collect business requirements while developing new information systems for a company. “The JAD process also includes approaches for enhancing user participation, expediting development, and improving the quality of specifications.” It is a good idea to have a good knowledge of the IT industry. ” [1] The expectations include high level management officials who will ensure the product provides the necessary reports and information at the end. This acts as ” Continue Reading “Joint application design”


The Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM) is an international community of researchers, practitioners and policy makers involved in the design, development, deployment, and evaluation of information systems for crisis response and management. The ISCRAM Community has been co-founded by Bartel Van de Walle ( Tilburg University , Netherlands ), Benny Carle ( SCK-CEN Nuclear Research Center , Belgium) and Murray Turoff ( New Jersey Institute of Technology ). Continue Reading “ISCRAM”

International Institute for Advanced Studies in Systems Research and Cybernetics

The International Institute for Advanced Studies is a non-profit educational organization committed to the development and promotion of cybernetics and systems research and the advancement of interdisciplinary studies in the sciences , engineering , arts and humanities . [1] Continue Reading “International Institute for Advanced Studies in Systems Research and Cybernetics”

International Aging Research Portfolio

International Aging Research Portfolio ( IARP ) is a non-profit , open-access knowledge management system incorporating grants , publications, conferences in natural and social and behavioral sciences. In addition to the advanced research and visual trend analysis tools, The system uses automatic classification algorithms with elements of machine learning to assign research projects to the. The directory is curated by many expert editors and science advisory board members. The chair of the science advisory board is Dr. Charles Cantor . Continue Reading “International Aging Research Portfolio”

Internal Market Information System

The Internal Market Information System (IMI) is an IT-based network that links public bodies in the European Economic Area . It was developed by the European Commission together with the Member States of the European Union to speed up cross-border administrative cooperation. IMI allows public administrations at national, regional and local levels to identify their counterparts in other countries and to exchange information with them. Pre-translated questions and answers as well as machine translation make it possible, for Them to Their Own use language to communicate. Continue Reading “Internal Market Information System”

Intelligent decision support system

An intelligent decision support system (IDSS) is a decision support system that makes extensive use of artificial intelligence (AI) techniques. Use of AI technology in management information systems : has a long history – Careers terms Such As ” Knowledge-based systems ” (KBS) and “smart systems” have-been used since the early 1980s to describe components of management systems, aim the term “Intelligent Decision support system “is thought to originate with Clyde Holsapple and Andrew Whinston [1] [2] in the late 1970s. Examples of specialized intelligent decision support systems include Flexible manufacturing systems (FMS) [3] intelligent marketing decision support systems [4] and medical diagnosis systems. [5] Continue Reading “Intelligent decision support system”

Intelligence Engine

Intelligence Engines are a kind of enterprise information management That combines business rule management , predictive and prescriptive analytics to form a unified information access platform That Provides real-time intelligence through search technologies , dashboards and / or Existing business infrastructure. Intelligence Engines are process and / or business-specific, resulting in industry and / or function-specific marketing associated with trademarks .

Information systems success model

The information systems success model (alternatively IS success model gold Delone and McLean IS Success Model ) is an information systems (IS) theory qui seeks to Provide a comprehensive understanding of IS success by Identifying, Describing, and explaining the Relationships among six of the MOST Critical dimensions of success along which information systems are commonly evaluated. Initial development of the theory was undertaken by William H. DeLone and Ephraim R. McLean in 1992, [1] and was further refined by the original authors in a response to other scholars working in the area. Continue Reading “Information systems success model”

Information Systems Journal

The Information Systems Journal is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that publishes papers on any aspect of information systems, but has a particular emphasis on the relationship between information systems and people, business, and organizations. The journal was established in 1991 by David Avison and Guy Fitzgerald [1] with the name Journal of Information Systems . The name was changed to the Information Systems Journal in 1994. The current editors are Robert M Davison, Philip Powell, and Eileen Trauth. [2] Continue Reading “Information Systems Journal”

Silo Information

An information silo , or a group of such silos, is an insular management system in which one information system or subsystem is incapable of reciprocal operation with others that are, or should be, related. Thus information is not adequately shared but rather remains sequestered within each system or subsystem, figuratively trapped within a container like grain is trapped within a silo : there may be a lot of it, , But it has no effect outside those limits. Continue Reading “Silo Information”

Information Processes and Technology

Information Processes and Technology ( IPT ) is the study of information systems and the processes involved in them. IPT is also a student offered to senior high school students in Australia in college entrance exams as the HSC in New South Wales. It focuses on providing information technology , information processes and the skills to create information systems and some basic programming skills. Some of the social and ethical issues of computer systems may also be included in the course of the subject. Continue Reading “Information Processes and Technology”

Information Management Body of Knowledge

The Information Management Body of Knowledge (IMBOK) is a management framework That Organizes the concept of Information Management in the full context of business and organizational strategy, management and operations. It is specifically intended to provide researchers and practicing managers with a tool that makes clear the conjunction of the worlds of information and the world at large. Continue Reading “Information Management Body of Knowledge”

Information filtering system

An information filtering system is a system that removes redundant or unwanted information from an information stream using (semi) automated or computerized methods prior to presentation to a human user. Its main goal is the management of the information overload and increment of the semantic signal-to-noise ratio . To do this the user’s profile is compared to some reference characteristics. These characteristics may originate from the information item (the content-based approach) or the user’s social environment (the collaborative filtering approach). Continue Reading “Information filtering system”

Field service management

Field Service Management ( FSM ) refers to the management of a company’s resources employed at or in route to the property of clients. Examples include locating vehicles, managing worker activity, scheduling and dispatching work, ensuring driver safety, and integrating the management of such activities with inventory, billing, accounting and other back-office systems. FSM, FSM, or FSM. It can also refer to software and cloud-based platforms that help in field service management. Continue Reading “Field service management”

Field force automation

Field force automation ( FFA ) is the capture of field sales or service information in real time using communications technology , typically handheld PDAs , wireless devices , tablet PCs or mobile phones. The captured data is time immediately Transferred to backend systems ( ERP , CRM or accounting systems) through wireless connectivity (Wi-Fi, 3G, GPRS or satellite). This time-lapse of time is the most important thing. Continue Reading “Field force automation”

Feral information systems

feral information system is part of an information system developed by individuals and groups to help with day-to-day activities that is not condoned by management. [1] It is called feral because it circumvents existing information technology systems or works around key system architecture . [2] It is important to note that the information is a part of the experience of performing work duties. Continue Reading “Feral information systems”

Expert systems for mortgages

An expert system for mortgages is a computer program that contains the knowledge and analytical skills of human authorities , related to mortgage banking. Loan departments are interested in expert systems for mortgagesbecause of the cost of labor which makes the handling and acceptance of relatively small loans less profitable. They also see the possibility of a mortgage loan for mortgages and mortgage loans. Continue Reading “Expert systems for mortgages”

Expert system

In artificial intelligence , an expert system is a computer system that emulates the decision-making ability of a human expert. [1] Expert systems are designed to solve complex problems by reasoning about knowledge, Represented Mainly as if-then rules Rather than through conventional procedural code . [2] The first expert systems were created in the 1970s and then proliferated in the 1980s. [3] Expert systems were among the first truly successful forms of artificial intelligence (AI) software. [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] Continue Reading “Expert system”

Executive information system

An executive information system ( EIS ), Also Known As year system support executive ( ESS ) [1] is a kind of management information system That Facilitates and supports senior executive information and decision-makingneeds. It provides easy access to internal and external information to organizational goals. It is commonly considered a specialized form of decision support system (DSS). [2] Continue Reading “Executive information system”

Event stream processing

Event stream processing , or ESP , is a set of technologies designed to assist the construction of event-driven information systems . ESP technologies include event event, event-driven middleware, and event processing languages, or complex event processing (CEP). In practice, the terms ESP and CEP are often used interchangeably. ESP deals with the task of processing streams of event data with the aim of identifying the meaningfulness within the streams, employing techniques such as causality, membership and timing . Continue Reading “Event stream processing”

European Research Center for Information Systems

The European Research Center for Information Systems ( ERCIS ) [1] was founded in 2004 at the University of Münster in Münster , North Rhine-Westphalia , Germany. The objective of ERCIS is related to information systems with Business , Computer Science , Communication Sciences , Law , Management and Mathematics . The ERCIS consists of the following national and international universities and companies in the field of Information Systems. Continue Reading “European Research Center for Information Systems”


EUCARIS is the European Car and Driving License Information System. EUCARIS is an information exchange system that provides information and support to all countries. EUCARIS is a multilingual, multilateral, multilateral, multilateral, bilateral, multilateral, bilateral, multilateral, bilateral, multilateral, Continue Reading “EUCARIS”

Enterprise information access

Enterprise Information Access Refers to information systems That allow for enterprise search ; Content classification ; Content clustering ; Information extraction ; Enterprise bookmarking ; Taxonomy creation and management; Information presentation (for example, visualization) to support analysis and understanding; And desktop or personal knowledge search. Continue Reading “Enterprise information access”

Enhanced publication

Enhanced publications or enhanced ebooks are a form of electronic publishing for the dissemination and sharing of research outcomes, which first formal definition can be tracked back to 2009. [1] As many forms of digital publications, they typically feature a unique identifier Persistent identification ) and descriptive metadata information. Unlike traditional digital publications (eg PDF article), enhanced publications are often tailored to serve specific scientific domains and are generally constituted by a set of interconnected parts (eg datasets, videos, images, stylesheets, services, workflows , Databases, Presentations) and to textual descriptions of the research (eg papers, chapters, sections, tables). The nature and format of such parts and of the relationships between them, depends on the application domain and may vary widely from case to case. Continue Reading “Enhanced publication”

Electronic markets

Electronic markets (or electronic marketplaces) are information systems (IS) qui are used by multiple separate organizational entities Within one third gold in multiple Among economic value chains . In analogy to the market concept qui peut être viewed from a macroeconomic (Describing Relationships among actors in year economic systems, eg a monopoly ) as well as from a microeconomic (Describing different allocation Mechanisms, public eg auctions of phone frequencies) perspective, electronic markets Denote networked forms of business with many possible configurations: Continue Reading “Electronic markets”

Education Management Information System

An Educational Management Information System (EMIS) is an educational institution. An EMIS is a repository for data collection, processing, analysis and reporting of educational information including schools, students, teachers and staff. [1] The EMIS information is used by Ministries of Education, NGOs, researchers, donors and other education stakeholders for research; Policy and planning; Monitoring and evaluation; And decision making. [2] EMIS information is used to create indicators [3] that monitor the performance of an education system and the management and distribution of educational resources and services. Continue Reading “Education Management Information System”

Document engineering

Document engineering is a document-centric synthesis of complementary ideas from information and systems analysis , electronic publishing , business process analysis , and business informatics to ensure that the documents and processes make sense to the people and applications that need them. Originating from research published by Robert J. Glushko and Tim McGrath, document engineering attempts to unify these different analysis and modeling perspectives and helps to specify, design, and implement documents and the processes that create and consume them. Continue Reading “Document engineering”

Disparate system

In information technology , a patchwork system gold disparate data system is a computer data processing system designed to operate That Was as a separate Fundamentally [1] data processing system without exchanging data or interacting with other computer data processing systems. Legacy systems are examples of disparate data systems as they are heterogeneous database data systems. A disparate system is often used as an information silo because of the data system’s isolation from or incompatibility with any other data systems. Continue Reading “Disparate system”

DIKW pyramid

The DIKW pyramid , Also Known variously as the DIKW hierarchy , wisdom hierarchy , knowledge hierarchy , information hierarchy , and the data pyramid , [1] Refers loosely to a class of models [2] for Representing purported structural and / or functional relationships entre d ata, i nformation, k nowledge, and w isdom. “Typically information is defined in terms of data, knowledge in terms of information, and wisdom in terms of knowledge”. [1] Continue Reading “DIKW pyramid”

Digital firmware

The Digital Firm is a general term for organizations that have core business relationships with employees, customers, suppliers and other external partners through digital networks. These digital networks are supported by enterprise class technology platforms that have been leveraged within an organization to support critical business functions and services. Some examples of These technology platforms are Customer Relationship Management(CRM), Supply Chain Management (SCM), Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), Knowledge Management System (KMS), Enterprise Content Management (ECM), and Warehouse Management System (WMS) Among others. Continue Reading “Digital firmware”

Digital ecosystem

digital ecosystem is a distributed , adaptive, open socio-technical system with properties of self-organization , scalability and sustainability inspired from natural ecosystems . Digital ecosystem models are presented by knowledge of natural ecosystems, especially for aspects related to competition and collaboration among diverse entities. [1] [2] [3] [4] The term is used in the computer industry , [5] the entertainment industry , [6] and the World Economic Forum . [7] Continue Reading “Digital ecosystem”

Decision support system

decision support system ( DSS ) is a computer-based information system that supports business or organizational decision-making activities. DSSs serving the management, operations, and planning levels of an organization (usually mid and higher management) and help people make decisions about problems that may be rapidly changing and not easily specified in advance-ie Unstructured and Semi-Structured decision problems. Decision support systems can be either fully computerized, human-powered or a combination of both. Continue Reading “Decision support system”


Dataspaces are an abstraction in data management That aim to Overcome Reviews some of the problems Encountered in data integration system. This is a great way to get your money back into the system. It’s a great way to get your money back. Labor-intensive aspects of data integration are postponed until they are absolutely needed. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] Continue Reading “Dataspaces”

Data system

Data system is a term used to refer to an organized collection of symbols and processes that may be used to operate on such symbols. [1] [2] Any organized collection of symbols and symbol-manipulating operations can be considered a data system. Hence, human-speech Analyzed at the level of phonemes can be regarded as a data system can the Incan artifact of the khipu and an image Stored as pixels . A data system is defined in terms of Some data model and bears a resemblance to the idea of a physical symbol system . Continue Reading “Data system”

Data flow diagram

data flow diagram ( DFD ) is a graphical representation of the “flow” of data through an information system , modeling its process aspects. A DFD is often used as a preliminary step to create an overview of the system without going into great detail, which can later be elaborated. [2] DFDs can also be used for the visualization of data processing (structured design). Citation needed ] Continue Reading “Data flow diagram”