Advanced driver-assistance systems

Advanced driver-assistance systems , or ADAS , are systems to help the driver in the driving process. When designed with a safe human-machine interface , they should increase safety and more general road safety .

Description

Advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS) are systems developed to automate / adapt / enhance vehicle systems for safety and better driving. Collisions are the most common forms of collision and collision avoidance. Adaptive features may automate lighting, provide adaptive cruise control, automatic braking, incorporate GPS / traffic warnings, connect to smartphones, alert driver to other cars or dangers, keep the driver in the correct lane, or show what is in blind spots.

There are many forms of ADAS available; Some features are built in or are available as an add-on package. Also, there are aftermarket solutions available. [1] ADAS relies on inputs from multiple data sources, including automotive imaging, LiDAR , radar , image processing , computer vision , and in-car networking . [2] Additional inputs are possible from other sources from the primary vehicle platform, such as other vehicles, referred to as Vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V), or Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (such as mobile telephony or wifi data network) systems.

IEEE 2020 for Advanced Automotive Electronics, [3] with steadily increasing rates of adoption of industry-wide quality standards, in vehicular safety systems ISO 26262 , Image Sensor quality [4] and communications protocols. [5]

Next-generation ADAS will increasingly be able to use the car-to-car (also known as Vehicle to V2V) and car-to-infrastructure (also known as Vehicle to Infrastructure, or V2X) data . [6]

Developments

On March 31, 2014, the US Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) announced that it would require all new vehicles under 10,000 pounds (4,500 kg) to have rear view cameras by May 2018. [7] The rule was required Cameron Gulbransen, the Cameron Gulbransen Kids Transportation Safety Act of 2007. Cameron Gulbransen, who was killed when his father failed to see the toddler and accidentally backed his SUV over the family driveway. [8]

GM offers vibrating seat warning, in Cadillacs starting with the 2013 Cadillac ATS. If the driver begins drifting out of the highway, the seat vibrates on the side of the seat in the direction of the drift, warning the driver of danger. The Safety Alert Seat also provides a vibrating pulse on both sides of the seat when a frontal threat is detected. [9] The system was first offered by Citroen in 2006 as part of its AFIL (Lane Departure Warning) system. See: Driver drowsiness detection .

Alcohol ignition interlock devices are a predescribed amount. [10] The Automotive Coalition for Traffic Safety and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration have called for a Driver Alcohol Detection System for Safety (DADSS) program to put alcohol detection devices in all cars. [11]

Examples

  • Adaptive cruise control (ACC)
  • Glare-free high beam and pixel light
  • Adaptive light control: swiveling curve lights
  • Automatic parking
  • Automotive navigation system with GPS and TMC for providing up-to-date traffic information .
  • Automotive night vision
  • Blind spot monitor
  • Collision avoidance system (Pre-crash system)
  • Crosswind stabilization
  • Cruise control
  • Driver drowsiness detection
  • Driver Monitoring System
  • Electric vehicle warning sounds used in hybrids and plug-in electric vehicles
  • Emergency driver assistant
  • Forward Collision Warning
  • Intersection assistant
  • Hill descent control
  • Intelligent speed adaption or intelligent speed advice (ISA)
  • Lane departure warning system
  • Lane changes assistance
  • Night Vision
  • Parking sensor
  • Pedestrian protection system
  • Rain sensor
  • Surround View system
  • Tire Pressure Monitoring
  • Traffic sign
  • Turning assistant
  • Vehicular communication systems
  • Wrong-way driving warning

See also

  • Autotech
  • EuroFOT
  • Intelligent Transportation System
  • Traffic psychology

References

  1. Jump up^ “US: Mobileye intros smartphone connected driver assistance (ADAS) technology” . Telematics News. 2012-01-12 . Retrieved 2012-01-12 .
  2. Jump up^ “UK: AutoSens 2016 conference bring together ADAS specialists” . Sense Media Group. 2016-03-01 . Retrieved 2016-03-01 .
  3. Jump up^ Ian Riches (2014-10-24). “Strategy Analytics: Automotive Ethernet: Market Growth Outlook | Keynote Speech 2014 IEEE SA: Ethernet & IP @ Automotive Technology Day” (PDF) . IEEE . Retrieved 2014-11-23 .
  4. Jump up^ “UK: IEEE 2020 – Automotive System Image Quality Working Group”. Sense Media Group. 2016-06-08 . Retrieved 2016-06-08 .
  5. Jump up^ “UK: Vehicle Information Access API” . W3C. 2016-06-08 . Retrieved 2016-06-08 .
  6. Jump up^ “ADAS Definition” . Autoconnectedcar.com. Archived from the original on 2012-06-10 . Retrieved 2014-07-15 .
  7. Jump up^ “NHTSA Announces Final Rule Requiring Rear Visibility Technology (NHTSA)” . Nhtsa.gov. 2014-03-31 . Retrieved 2014-07-15 .
  8. Jump up^ “US DOT Proposals Rear View Visibility Rule to Protect Kids and the Elderly National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)” . Nhtsa.gov. 2010-12-03 . Retrieved 2014-07-15 .
  9. Jump up^ “Cadillac XTS Safety Seat Alerts Drivers to Dangers” . Media.gm.com. 2012-03-27 . Retrieved 2014-07-15 .
  10. Jump up^ Lynn Walford @MobiWriter (2014-06-11). “How can I stop the interlock devices in their tracks” ? TechHive . Retrieved 2014-07-15 .
  11. Jump up^ “Why are we here?” Alcohol Detection ” . Dadss.org. Archived fromthe original on 2014-07-14 . Retrieved 2014-07-15 .

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