Science Documentation

Documentation science , or documentation studies , is the study of the recording and retrieval of information . [1] Documentation science gradually developed into the broader field of information science .

Paul Otlet (1868-1944) and Henri La Fontaine (1854-1943), both Belgian lawyers and peace activists. Otlet, Who coined the term documentation science , is the author of two treatises on the subject: Documentation Treaty (1934) and World: universalism Test (1935). He, in particular, is regarded as the progenitor of information science.

In the United States, 1968 Was a landmark year in the transition from material science to information science: the American Documentation Institute est devenu the American Society for Information Science and Technology , and Harold Borko Introduced readers of the journal American Literature to the term In His paper “Information science: What is it?”. Information science has not entirely subsumed documentation science, however. Berard (2003, p. 148) writes that word documentation is still much used in Francophone countries, where it is synonymous with information science . One potential explanation is that these countries have a clear division of labor between libraries and documentation centers, and the staff employed at each kind of institution have different educational backgrounds. Documentation science professionals are called documentalists .

Developments

1931: The International Institute for Documentation, (International Institute for Documentation, IID) was founded on 12 September 1895, in Brussels.

1937: American Documentation Institute was founded (1968 nameshift to American Society for Information Science ).

1948: SR Ranganathan “discovers” documentation. [2]

1965-1990: Documentation departments were established in, for example, large research libraries with the appearance of commercial online computer retrieval systems. The persons doing the searches for clients were termed documentalists . With the appearance of the first CD-ROMs and the other hand, (This is perhaps a European terminology, in the USA the term Information Centers was often used).

1986: Information service and management under the name “Bibliotheek en Documentation Informatieverzorging”.

1996: “Dokvit”, Documentation Studies, was established in 1996 at the University of Tromsø in Norway (see Lund, 2007).

2002: The Document Academy, [3] an international network chaired and cosponsored by The Program of Documentation Studies, University of Tromsoe, Norway and The School of Information Management and Systems, UC Berkeley.

2003: Document Research Conference (DOCAM) is a series of conferences made by the Document Academy. DOCAM ’03 (2003) was the first conference in the series. It was held August 13-15, 2003 at The School of Information Management and Systems (SIMS) at the University of California, Berkeley (See https://web.archive.org/web/20120410005416/http://thedocumentacademy. Org: 80 /? Q = node / 4 ).

2004: The term Library, Information and Documentation Studies (LID) has-been suggéré have an alternative to Library and Information Science (LIS) (see, Rayward et al., 2004)

See also

  • Document
  • Documentation Research and Training Center
  • Information science # European documentation
  • Institut für Dokumentologie und Editorik
  • International Federation for Information and Documentation
  • Journal of Documentation
  • Library and information science
  • Memory institution
  • Mundaneum
  • Subject (documents)
  • Suzanne Briet
  • World Congress of Universal Documentation

References

  1. Jump up^ Rayward, WB (1994). “Visions of Xanadu: Paul Otlet (1868-1944) and hypertext”. Journal of the American Society for Information Science . 45 (4): 235-250. doi : 10.1002 / (SICI) 1097-4571 (199405) 45: 4 <235 :: AID-ASI2> 3.0.CO; 2-Y .
  2. Jump up^ Ranganathan, SR (1950). Library tour 1948. Europe and America, impressions and reflections. London: G.Blunt.
  3. Jump up^ The Document Academy

Further reading

  • Berard, R. (2003). Documentation. IN: International Encyclopedia of Information and Library Science. 2nd. ed. Ed. By John Feather & Paul Sturges. London: Routledge (pp. 147-149).
  • Bradford, SC (1948). Documentation. London: Crosby Lockwood.
  • Bradford, SC (1953). Documentation. 2nd ed. London: Crosby Lockwood.
  • Briet, Suzanne (1951). What is documentation? Paris: Editions Documentaires Industrielle et Techniques.
  • Briet, Suzanne, 2006. What is Documentation? English Translation of the Classic French Text. Transl. And ed. By Ronald E. Day and Laurent Martinet. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press.
  • Buckland, Michael, 1996. Documentation, Information Science, and Library Science in the Information Processing and Management 32, 63-76. Reprinted in Historical Studies in Science, eds. Trudi B. Hahn, and Michael Buckland. Medford, NJ: Information Today, 159-172.
  • Buckland, Michael (2007). Northern Light: Fresh Insights into Enduring Concerns. In: Document (re) turn. Contributions from a research field in transition. Ed. By Roswitha Skare, Niels Windfeld Lund & Andreas Vårheim. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang. (Pp. 315-322). Retrieved 2011-10-16 from: http://people.ischool.berkeley.edu/~buckland/tromso07.pdf
  • Farkas-Conn, IS (1990). From Documentation to Information Science. The American Society for Information Science – The Beginnings and Early Development of the American Documentation Institute. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
  • Frohmann, Bernd, 2004. Deflating Information: From Science Studies to Documentation. Toronto; Buffalo; London: University of Toronto Press.
  • Garfield, E. (1953). Librarian versus documentalist. Manuscript submitted to Special Libraries. http://www.garfield.library.upenn.edu/papers/librarianvsdocumentalisty1953.html
  • Graziano, EE (1968). We have a theory of documentation. American Documentalist 19, 85-89.
  • Hjørland, Birger (2000). Documents, memory institutions and information science. JOURNAL OF DOCUMENTATION, 56 (1), 27-41. Retrieved 2013-02-17 from: http://iva.dk/bh/Core%20Concepts%20in%20LIS/articles%20a-z/Documents_memory%20institutions%20and%20IS.pdf
  • Konrad, A. (2007). On inquiry: Unpublished doctoral dissertation (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of California, Berkeley. Retrieved from http://escholarship.org/uc/item/1s76b6hp
  • Lund, Niels Windfeld, 2004. Documentation in a Complementary Perspective. In Aware and Responsibility: Papers of the Nordic-International Colloquium on Social and Cultural Awareness and Responsibility in Library, Information and Documentation Studies (SCARLID), ed. Rayward , Lanham, Md .: Scarecrow Press, 93-102.
  • Lund, Niels Windfeld (2007). Building a Discipline, Creating a Occupation: An Essay on the Childhood of “Dokvit”. IN: Document (re) turn. Contributions from a research field in transition. Ed. By Roswitha Skare, Niels Windfeld Lund & Andreas Vårheim. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang. (Pp. 11-26). Retrieved 2011-10-16 from: http://www.ub.uit.no/munin/bitstream/handle/10037/966/paper.pdf?sequence=1
  • Lund, Niels Windfeld (2009). Document Theory. ANNUAL REVIEW OF INFORMATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 43, 399-432.
  • W. Boyd Rayward ; Hansson, Joacim & Suominen, Vesa (eds). (2004). Aware and Responsible: Papers of the Nordic-International Colloquium on Social and Cultural Awareness and Responsibility in Library, Information and Documentation Studies . Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. (Pp. 71-91). https://web.archive.org/web/20070609223747/http://www.db.dk/binaries/social%20and%20cultural%20awareness.pdf
  • Simon, EN (1947). A novice on “documentation”. Journal of Documentation, 3 (2), 238-341.
  • Williams, RV (1998). The Documentation and Special Libraries Movement in the United States, 1910-1960. IN: Hahn, TB & Buckland, M. (eds.): Historical Studies in Information Science. Medford, NJ: Information Today, Inc. (pp. 173-180).
  • Woledge, G. (1983). Bibliography and Documentation – Words and Ideas. Journal of Documentation, 39 (4), 266-279.
  • Ørom, Anders (2007). The concept of information versus the concept of document. IN: Document (re) turn. Contributions from a research field in transition. Ed. By Roswitha Skare, Niels Windfeld Lund & Andreas Vårheim. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang. (Pp. 53-72).

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *