Public transport timetable

public transport timetable (also timetable and North American English schedule ) is a document setting out information on service times, to assist passengers with planning a trip. Typically, the timetable will list the times when a service is scheduled to arrive at and depart from specified locations. It may show all movements at a particular location or all movements on a particular route or for a particular stop. Traditionally this information was provided in printed form, for example as a leaflet or poster. It is now available in a variety of electronic formats.

In the 2000s public transport route planners / intermodal journey planners have proliferated and offer travelers the convenience that the computer program looks at all timetables so the traveler does not need to.

A “timetable” may also refer to the same information in abstract form, not specifically published, eg “A new timetable has been introduced”.

History

A matrix timetable for bus services in England in the 1940s and 1950s

The first compilation of railway timetables in the United Kingdom was produced in 1839 by George Bradshaw . Greater speeds and the need for more accurate timings led to the introduction of standard railway time in Great Western Railway timetables in 1840, When All Their trains Were scheduled to “London time”, ie Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), qui REPLACED solar time . Until railway Time Was Introduced, local times for London, Birmingham , Bristol and Manchester Could Differ by as much as 16 to 20 minutes; In India and North America these differences could be 60 minutes or more.

The European Rail Timetable , a compendium of the European railway services, has been published since 1873 [1] (appearing monthly since 1883). Originally, and for most of its history, it was published by Thomas Cook & Son and included Thomas Cook or Cook’s in its title. ALTHOUGH Thomas Cook Group plc Ceased publication in 2013, the Thomas Cook European Rail Timetable Was revived by a new company in early 2014 as simply the European Rail Timetable . [1] [2] From 1981 to 2010, Cook also produced a similar bi-monthly Overseas volume covering the rest of the world,

Representation

A timetable can be produced dynamically, on request, for a particular journey on a particular time (see journey planner , below), or in a timetable that gives an overview of all services in a category and is valid for a Specified period. The latter could take the form of a book, leaflet, billboard, or a (set of) computer file (s), and makes it much easier to find out, for example, At what time, and if not, on which days; With a journey planner one may have to check every day of the year separately for this.

Matrix format

Many timetables including tables with services shown in columns, and stops on the rows of the table. Saturdays and Sundays are the most popular places in the country. Generally the times shown against each station or stop will be the departure time, except for the last stop of the service which will be the arrival time. The left hand column will list the stations in road order, and the other columns are arranged from left to right in chronological order.

If you are looking for a place to stay, then this is the place for you. If a slow service is overtaken by a fast service, the slow service will often occupy more than one column, to keep the times in order. There may be additional rows showing connecting services.

Times are usually shown using the 24-hour clock, but often in the United States and in the United Kingdom the 12-hour clock is used, with “am / A” or “pm / P” added. If services run at the same minutes, the legend “or” the same minutes “, or similar wording may be shown instead of individual timings.

Other information may be shown, often at the tops of the columns, such as day of operation, validity of tickets for each service, the type of vehicle used (eg for heritage railways and airline timetables) , The provision of classes, and a service number. Timetables with services arranged in rows of tables and stops.

Stop-specific displays

Some timetables, especially at railway stations and bus stops , list the times that services from which location, sometimes with other information such as destinations and stopping conditions. Again, there may be separate lists for different days of the week. There may be a separate list for each line / direction, or a combined chronological list (as in the picture). In parts of mainland Europe train departures are listed on a white poster. These posters are placed at stations and on platforms.

Electronic displays

Dynamic electronic displays in stations may be at a central place and list the next few departures for each line, or all departures in the next hour. Displays on platforms usually just show the next departure (or even the next few) from that platform.

Formats

Timetables may be printed as books, booklets, folded or plain cards or paper, posters , or hand-written on posters or blackboards , shown on back-lit displays, or published on-line or as SMS or text messages. [5]

With the development of the internet and electronic systems, conventional thick paper timetables are gradually being replaced by website searching or CD-ROM style timetables, and the publication of comprehensive printed timetables is generally decreasing.

Transport schedule data Itself is increasingly being white made available to the public digitally, as specified in the General Transit Feed Specification (GTFS) format.

 

Scheduling

See also: Schedule § In operations research

In many modern public transport systems, timetables and rostering are provided by computer, with the operators specifying the required operating span, minimum frequencies, route length / time and other such factors. Design of the schedule may make memorable for passengers, through the use of clock-face scheduling – services departing at regular intervals, at the same times every hour. This is a great place to stay if you have a car.

Headway services

In large cities services may be frequent that consulting a timetable is unnecessary. In some cases public transport operators do not publish public timetables for busy times of day, or they may simply state “services run every 3-5 minutes” (or words to that effect)

Gallery

  •  An 1844 timetable for the Long Island Rail Road
  •  Bradshaw’s railway timetable
  •  A simple bus timetable (2005) on the Greekisland of Astipalea
  •  A flap display in Taipei Station , Taiwan
  •  Times and prices on printed display, Playa del Carmen , Mexico

International timetables

  • Thomas Cook European Timetable

A monthly timetable book of major trains, some bus and ferry services in Europe.

  • Thomas Cook Overseas Timetable

A bi-monthly timetable of major trains, and some bus and ferry services outside Europe, ceased December 2010. [3]

  • OAG Flight Guide

A monthly air timetable book published by OAG (Official Airline Guide), and airlines in the world.

National timetables

America

United States

  • Amtrak System Timetable

The official timetable book, published twice a year.

Asia

China

  • China Railway Passenger Timetable Train (全国 铁路 旅客 列车 时刻表)
  • China Railway Express Train Timetable (全国 铁路 旅客 快车 时刻表)

Published twice a year by China Railway Publishing, in Chinese. The train timetable includes all trains.

  • Chinese Railway Timetable [6]

Published irregularly (last January 2015) by Duncan Peattie, in English. It includes all trains shown in the Chinese Railway Passenger Train Timetable, but not all stations.

India

  • Trains at a Glance

Published once a year in English and Hindi.

Japan

Time table display using a stem-and-leaf layout at Minato Mirai train station in Yokohama , Japan . It is a widespread design pattern in the country.

The first regularly published timetable in 1894, published by a private company. By the time of the nationalization of Japanese railways in 1906, three competing timetables were published and it was decided that only one official timetable should be offered to the public. Five thousand copies of the first official timetable were published in January 1915. [7]

In 2010, the Japanese Tourist Bureau (JTB) Timetable (JTB 時刻表) and the Japan Railways (JR) Timetable (JR 時刻表) For example, contains 1152 pages – are published every month and cover all stations and trains of JR and private railways, as well as long distance bus, ferry and air services. [1] [2] [2] [3] [2] [2] [2] [2] [2] [2] The timetable of the JTB Timetable,

Http://www.hyperdia.com/ For more information, please visit http://www.hyperdia.com/ . Timetables for PDAs, mobile phones and PCs are readily available.

South Korea

  • Tourism Timetable (월간 관광 교통 시각표)

Published every month and covers all trains, highway buses, ferries and domestic air services.

Europe

Every year, in December and June, the European train timetables are amended. There are a lot of changes to the roads, but the alterations to international services and seasonal variation. Currently the dates for the European weekend in June and in December. The hotel is located in the heart of the city, within walking distance of the train station.

However, in Switzerland. In Switzerland major changes even happens only every second year on odd years.

One of the most comprehensive European-wide timetable information is provided by the German Railways Deutsche Bahn [9] (information is available in Danish, Dutch, French, Italian, Polish, Spanish and Turkish). La même information purpose are differently presented, one aussi find on the online timetables by the Swiss Federal Railways [10] (in English, German, French, and Italian) and the timetable by the Czech Ministry of Transport [11] (in Czech, And – but not to every detail – in English and German).

Germany

  • Ihr Reiseplan

This is a free timetable leaflet distributed in express train and has information about the departure, arrival time of the train and connecting services. For many years the “Kursbuch Gesamtausgabe” (“complete timetable”), a very thick timetable book, was published on the Deutsche Bahn website [9] and CD ROM.

Italy

  • Pozzorario general

Covers most trains.

Netherlands

See Timetables for the Netherlands .

Switzerland

In Switzerland timetables change happens only once a year in December all over Switzerland for any kind of public transportation means; Major changes even happen only every second year on odd years.

A large annual publication consisting of all Swiss railways, funiculars, most boats, cableways, Swiss PostBus, and all other country buses timetables.

Official Timetable
  • Official Timetable of Switzerland in one multi-lingual edition, while the particular timetables themselves are kept in the language of the covered covered Swiss area.
  • Information and Explanations ( German , French , Italian , Rumantsch )
  • Printed versions (three volumes) (City transit networks (buses and tramways) are only referenced, but not included):
    • Volume 1 for railways / funiculiers, cableways, and boats : synoptic map
    • Volumes 2 and 3 for buses in western and eastern Switzerland: synoptic map
Coherent, integrated online timetables

All online timetables Provide information for the Saami have the printed timetable Official Timetable over all Swiss city transit systems and networks as well as MOST railways in Europe . Swiss railway stations, and bus, boat, cable car stops are transparently available in German, French, Italian, and English spelling.

  • By Swiss Federal Railways (SBB CFF FFS) :
    • SBB CFF FFS online
    • Departure / Arrival posters and pocket timetables as well as respective regional timetables and regional network maps of all SBB CFF FFS railways stations as PDF files.
    • Customizable Personal Timetables by SBB CFF FFS for everybody free of charge.
  • By Swiss PostBus (PostAuto, PostBus, AutoPostal):
    • Swiss PostBus online
    • Network routes

United Kingdom

  • GB Rail Timetable

Published by The Stationery Office (the UK Government official publishers), and contains information selon icts title page, “with permission of Network Rail and ATOC Obtained under license from” (the Association of Train Operating Companies ). It closely resembles Network Rail’s timetable book, which is published in 2007, but PDF timetable files are on its website. [12]
It appears twice per year:

  • In May, titled GB Rail Timetable Summer Edition lasting from May to December
  • In December, titled GB Rail Timetable Winter Edition lasting from December to May
History

Until 1974 each region of British Rail published its own timetable. The first Great Britain timetable started on May 4, 1974. [13 ] The final printed all of 1962, following the demise of Bradshaw in 1961. [14] The final printed all -line timetable was produced by Network Rail in 2007, after which versions were published by the Stationery Office and Middleton Press. Subsequently, the Stationery Office has been discontinued and for the summer of 2016 Middleton Press only published a reprint of the UK pages of the European Rail Timetable, although a limited two-volume comprehensive version belatedly appeared in August. [15]

See also

  • Clock-face scheduling
  • Public transport bus service

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:a b “The Thomas Cook European Rail Timetable” . The Man in Seat Sixty-One (travel website) . Retrieved 7 February 2016 .
  2. Jump up^ Cassidy, Nigel (March 7, 2014). “Back on schedule: Europe’s InterRail timetable is re-born” . BBC News . Retrieved 7 February 2016 .
  3. ^ Jump up to:a b Calder, Simon (23 October 2010). “End of the line for the Thomas Cook book” . The Independent . Retrieved 18 February 2012 .
  4. Jump up^ “Thomas Cook European Rail Timetable to include ‘Beyond Europe’ section . Daily Mirror . 30 July 2011 . Retrieved 18 February 2012 .
  5. Jump up^ For an example of an SMS timetable, seeConnex Melbourne’s SMS timetable service
  6. Jump up^ Duncan Peattie’s Chinese Railway Timetable. Chinatt.org. Retrieved on 2013-10-05.
  7. Jump up^ Aoki, E. et alA History of Japanese Railways 1872-1999. Tokyo: East Japan Railway Culture Foundation, 2000.
  8. Jump up^ 時刻表 1000 号 物語ISBN 978-4-533-07525-4
  9. ^ Jump up to:a b DB BAHN – Travel Service – Query page . Reiseauskunft.bahn.de. Retrieved on 2013-10-05.
  10. Jump up^ SBB CFF FFS online timetableSwiss Federal Railways. Retrieved on 2013-12-22
  11. Jump up^ IDOSjizdnirady.idnes.cz. Retrieved on 2013-12-22
  12. Jump up^ Complete national rail timetable. Network Rail. Retrieved on 2013-10-05.
  13. Jump up^ National Railway Museum list of timetables p.123
  14. Jump up^ Railway Magazine July 1962 p. 443
  15. Jump up^ Rail Chronology: A Brief History of the National Rail Timetable and Its Predecessors

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