Ogas

Ogas ( Russian : Общегосударственная автоматизированная система учёта и обработки информации , All-State Automated System) Was a Soviet project to create a nationwide network information . The project Began in 1962 aim Was Necessary denied funding in 1970. It was one of a series of Attempts to create a nationwide network Analogous to what est devenu the Internet , all of qui failed.

The primary architect of OGAS was Viktor Glushkov . A previous proposal for a national computer network to Central Planning Improve, Anatolii Kitov  ( ru ) ‘s Economic Automated Management System, HAD-been rejected in 1959 Because of Concerns in the Military That They Would Be required to share information with civilian planners. [1] [2]Glushkov Proposed Ogas in 1962 as a three-tier network with a computer center in Moscow , up to 200 midlevel centers in other major cities, and up to 20,000 local terminals in economically significant locations, communicating in real time using The existing telephone infrastructure. The structure would also allow any terminal to communicate with any other. Glushkov further proposed using the system to move the Soviet Union towards a moneyless economy, using the system for electronic payments. The project failed because Glushkov’s request for funding on 1 October 1970 was turned down. [1] [2] The 24th Communist Party Congress in 1971 was to authorize implementation of the plan, but ultimately endorsed only expansion of local information management systems. [3] Glushkov subsequently Pursued another network plan EGSVT, qui Was aussi underfunded and not the carried out. [4] Soviet network plans failed while the American ARPANET succeeded. The project failed because Glushkov’s request for funding on 1 October 1970 was turned down. [1] [2] The 24th Communist Party Congress in 1971 Was to-have authorized implementation of the plan aim Ultimately only endorsed expansion of local information management systems. [3] Glushkov subsequently pursued another network plan, EGSVT, which was also underfunded and not carried out. [4] Soviet network plans failed while the American ARPANET succeeded. The project failed because Glushkov’s request for funding on 1 October 1970 was turned down. [1] [2] The 24th Communist Party Congress in 1971 was to authorize implementation of the plan, but ultimately endorsed only expansion of local information management systems. [3]Glushkov subsequently pursued another network plan, EGSVT, which was also underfunded and not carried out. [4] Soviet network plans failed while the American ARPANET succeeded. But ultimately endorsed only expansion of local information management systems. [3] Glushkov subsequently pursued another network plan, EGSVT, which was also underfunded and not carried out. [4] Soviet network plans failed while the American ARPANET succeeded. But ultimately endorsed only expansion of local information management systems. [3] Glushkov subsequently pursued another network plan, EGSVT, which was also underfunded and not carried out. [4] Soviet network plans failed while the American ARPANET succeeded.

The OGAS proposal was resented by some liberals as excessive central control, [3] but failed because of bureaucratic infighting: it was under the auspices of the Central Statistical Administration and so fasted of Vasily Garbuzov , who saw a threat to his Ministry Of Finance . [1] [2] [3] When EGSVT failed, the next attempt ( SOFE ) was made in 1964 by Nikolay Fedorenko , which attempted to build an information network that could be used in economic planning in Soviet Union’s planned economy. The project was successful at a micro-level but did not spread widely. [4]

See also

  • Project Cybersyn

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:a b c Peters, Benjamin (2016). How to Network a Nation: The Uneasy History of the Internet Soviet . MIT Press. ISBN  9780262034180 .
  2. ^ Jump up to:a b c Peters, Benjamin (October 16, 2016). Dresser, Sam, ed. “The Soviet InterNyet: How the Soviets Invented the Internet and why it did not work” . Aeon (excerpt from How Not to Network a Nation ) . Retrieved 19 October 2016 .
  3. ^ Jump up to:a b c Gerovitch, Slava (December 2008). “InterNyet: why the Soviet Union did not build a nationwide computer network” (PDF) . History and Technology . 24 (4): 335-50. ISSN  0734-1512 . Doi : 10.1080 / 07341510802044736 .
  4. ^ Jump up to:a b Peters, Benjamin (2008). “Why the Soviet Internet Failed” (PDF) . MIT 6 Conference . MIT .

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