Issue-Based Information System

Issue-Based Information System (IBIS) was invented by Werner Kunz and Horst Rittel as an argumentation-based approach to tackling wicked problems -complex, ill-defined problems that involve multiple stakeholders . [1]

According to Kunz and Rittel, “Issue-Based Information Systems (IBIS) are meant to support the coordination and planning of political decision-processes. The discourse . ” [1]

Subjective, the understanding of planning and design as a process of argumentation of IBIS in design rationale . [2]

The basic structure of IBIS is a graph . It is therefore quite suitable to be manipulated by computer , as in a graph database . [3]

Overview

The elements of IBIS are issues , each of which is associated with alternative positions (or possible answers). [1] [4] These in turn are associated with arguments qui gold holder object to a position Given (gold Reviews another argument). In the course of the treatment of issues, new issues come up which are treated likewise. [5]

Issue-Based Information Systems are used as a means of widening the coverage of a problem. The incentive to participate in the project is to increase the number of participants in the process of participation. Since the problem has been solved, it has been possible to analyze and analyze the problem. Another desirable characteristic of the Issue-Based Information System is that it helps to make the design process transparent. Transparency here refers to the ability of observers to make the decision-making process.

IBIS is used in issue mapping, [6] an argument visualization technique related to argument mapping . It is also the basis of a facilitation technique called dialogue mapping . [7] [8]

History

Rittel’s interest in the area of ​​public policy and planning, which is also the context in which he and his colleagues define wicked problems . [9] Rittel and Kunz considering IBIS as the type of information system to support the work of cooperatives like governmental or administrative agencies or committees, planning groups, etc., that are confronted with a problem complex in Order to arrive at a plan for decision “. [1]

When the paper was written, there were three manual, paper-based IBIS-type systems in use-two in government agencies and one in a university. [1]

IBIS-type systems. A renewed interest in IBIS-type systems. [2] [3] [10] In 1987, Douglas E. Noble completed a computer-supported IBIS program as part of his doctoral dissertation. [2] Jeff Conklin and co-workers adapté the IBIS structure for use in software engineering, Creating the Gibis (graphical IBIS) hypertext system in the late 1980s. [3] [10] Several other graphical IBIS-type systems were developed to facilitate the collaborative design and problem solving . [11] These efforts culminated in the creation of the open source Component (software) tool which supports-among other things-a graphical IBIS notation. [11] [12] [13] DRed (Design Rationale editor) [14] and designVUE. [15]

In recent years, there has been a renewed interest in IBIS-type systems, particularly in the context of sensemaking and collaborative problem solving in a variety of social and technical contexts. [6] [16] [17] [18] Of particular note is the facilitation method called dialogue mapping which uses the IBIS notation to evolve. [7] [8]

See also

  • Collaborative software
  • Computational sociology
  • Creative problem solving
  • Critical Thinking
  • Knowledge base

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e Kunz, Werner; Rittel, Horst WJ (July 1970). Issues as elements of information systems (PDF) (Working paper). Berkeley: Institute of Urban and Regional Development, University of California, Berkeley . CiteSeerX  10.1.1.134.1741  . OCLC  5065959 . 131 . Retrieved 2017-05-26 .
  2. ^ Jump up to:a b c Rittel, Horst WJ ; Noble, Douglas E. (January 1989) [1988]. Issue-based information systems for design (PDF) (Working paper). Berkeley: Institute of Urban and Regional Development, University of California, Berkeley . OCLC  20155825 . 492 . Retrieved 2017-05-26 . Originally presented to the ACADIA ’88 Conference, Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture , University of Michigan , October 1988.
  3. ^ Jump up to:a b c Conklin, E. Jeffrey; Begeman, Michael L. (October 1988). “GIBIS: a hypertext tool for exploratory policy discussion” (PDF) . ACM Transactions on Information Systems . 6 (4): 303-331. Doi : 10.1145 / 58566.59297 . Retrieved 2017-05-26 .
  4. Jump up^ Awati, Kailash (8 July 2009). “What and whence of issue-based information systems” . Eight2late.wordpress.com . Retrieved 2016-02-24.
  5. Jump up^ Awati, Kailash (7 April 2009). “Issues, Ideas and Arguments: a communication-centric approach to tackling project complexity” . Eight2late.wordpress.com . Retrieved 2016-02-24 .
  6. ^ Jump up to:a b Okada, Alexandra; Buckingham Shum, Simon J .; Sherborne, Tony, eds. (2014) [2008]. Knowledge cartography: software tools and mapping techniques . Advanced information and knowledge processing (2nd ed.). New York: Springer-Verlag . ISBN  9781447164692 . OCLC  890438015. Doi : 10.1007 / 978-1-4471-6470-8 . Retrieved 2016-02-24 .
  7. ^ Jump up to:a b Conklin, E. Jeffrey (2003). “Dialog mapping: reflections on an industrial strength case study” . In Kirschner, Paul Arthur; Buckingham Shum, Simon J .; Carr, Chad S. Visualizing argumentation: software tools for collaborative and educational sense-making . Computer supported cooperative work. London; New York: Springer-Verlag . pp. 117-136. ISBN  1852336641 . OCLC  50676911 . Doi : 10.1007 / 978-1-4471-0037-9 . Retrieved 2016-02-24 .
  8. ^ Jump up to:a b Conklin, E. Jeffrey (2006). Dialogue mapping: building shared understanding of wicked problems . Chichester, UK; Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons . ISBN  0470017686 . OCLC  60491946 . Retrieved 2016-02-24 .
  9. Jump up^ Rittel, Horst WJ ; Webber, Melvin M. (June 1973). “Dilemmas in a general theory of planning” (PDF) . Policy Sciences . 4 (2): 155-169. Doi: 10.1007 / BF01405730 . Retrieved 2016-02-24 .
  10. ^ Jump up to:a b Conklin, E. Jeffrey; Begeman, Michael L. (May 1989) [1989]. “GIBIS: a tool for all reasons” . Journal of the American Society for Information Science . 40 (3): 200-213. doi : 10.1002 / (ICIS) 1097-4571 (198905) 40: 3 <200 :: AID-ASI11> 3.0.CO; 2-U . Retrieved 2016-02-24 .
  11. ^ Jump up to:a b Buckingham Shum, Simon J .; Selvin, Albert M .; Sierhuis, Maarten; Conklin, E. Jeffrey; Haley, Charles B .; Nuseibeh, Bashar (2006). “Hypermedia support for argumentation-based rationale: 15 years on from GIBIS and QOC” (PDF) . In Dutoit, Allen H .; McCall, Raymond; Mistrik, Ivan; Paech, Barbara. Rationale management in software engineering . Berlin; New York: Springer-Verlag . pp. 111-132. ISBN  3540309977 . OCLC  68629169 . Doi : 10.1007 / 978-3-540-30998-7_5 . Retrieved 2016-02-24 .
  12. Jump up^ Davies, Stephen; Velez-Morales, Javier; King, Roger (August 2005). Building the memex sixty years later: trends and directions in personal knowledge bases (Technical report). Boulder, Colorado: Department of Computer Science, University of Colorado Boulder . CU-CS-997-05.
  13. Jump up^ Montibeller, Gilberto; Shaw, Duncan; Westcombe, Mark (May 2006). “Using decision support systems to facilitate the social process of knowledge management”. Knowledge Management Research & Practice . 4 (2): 125-137. Doi : 10.1057 / palgrave.kmrp.8500092 .
  14. Jump up^ Wallace, Ken; Ahmed, Saeema; Bracewell, Rob (2005). “Engineering knowledge management”. In Clarkson, John; Eckert, Claudia. Design process improvement: a review of current practice . London: Springer-Verlag . pp. 326-343. ISBN  185233701X . OCLC  55887578 . Doi :10.1007 / 978-1-84628-061-0_14 .
  15. Jump up^ Baroni, Pietro; Romano, Marco; Toni, Francesca; Aurisicchio, Marco; Bertanza, Giorgio (2013). “An argumentation-based approach for automatic evaluation of design debates”. In Leite, João Alexandre; Sound, Tran Cao; Torroni, Paolo; Torre, Leon van der; Woltran, Stefan. Computational logic in multi-agent systems: 14th International Workshop, CLIMA XIV, Coruña, Spain, September 16-18, 2013: proceedings . Reading notes in artificial intelligence. 8143 . Berlin; New York: Springer-Verlag . pp. 340-356. ISBN  9783642406232 . OCLC  861569813 . Doi :10.1007 / 978-3-642-40624-9_21 .
  16. Jump up^ Culmsee, Paul; Awati, Kailash (2013) [2011]. “Chapter 7: Visualizing Reasoning, and Chapter 8: Rational Argumentation-based” . The aim of this study is to provide a framework for managing complex problems in organizations . Bloomington, IN: iUniverse, Inc. pp. 153-211. ISBN  9781462058549 . OCLC  767703320 .
  17. Jump up^ McCrickard, Scott (2012). Making claims: The claim as a knowledge design, capture, and sharing tool in HCI . Synthesis lectures on human-centered informatics. 15 . San Rafael, CA: Morgan & Claypool. ISBN  9781608459056 . OCLC  847741769 . Doi : 10.2200 / S00423ED1V01Y201205HCI015 .
  18. Jump up^ Aldea, Arantza; Bañares-Alcántara, René; Skrzypczak, Simon (September 2012). “Managing information to support the decision making process”. Journal of Information & Knowledge Management . 11 (3): 1250016. doi : 10.1142 / S0219649212500165 .

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