Transit (satellite)

The Transit System, also known as NAVSAT or NNSS (for Navy Navigation Satellite System ), was the first satellite navigation system to be used operationally. The system has been used by the US Navy to provide accurate information on its polaris ballistic missile submarines , and it was also used as a navigation system by the Navy’s surface ships , as well as for hydrographic survey and geodetic surveying . Transit provided by the Department of National Defense. Continue Reading “Transit (satellite)”

Vehicle tracking system

vehicle tracking system combines the use of automatic vehicle location in individual vehicles with Software That thesis collects fleet data for a comprehensive picture of vehicle rentals. Modern vehicle tracking systems commonly used GPS or GLONASS technology for locating the vehicle, but other types of automatic vehicle rental technology can also be used. Vehicle information can be viewed on electronic maps via the Internet or specialized software . Urban public transit authorities are an increasingly common user of vehicle tracking systems , particularly in large cities. Continue Reading “Vehicle tracking system”

United States v. Pineda-Moreno

United States v. Pineda-Moreno was a 2010 Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals case regarding the use of GPS devices. The short ruled that a placing has a personal tracking device without a warrant for a suspect’s Fourth Amendment rights, even if the vehicle was parked in the defendant’s driveway at the time the device was placed. The case was reversed and remanded by the United States Supreme Court in light of United States v. Antoine Jones . Continue Reading “United States v. Pineda-Moreno”

Turn-by-turn navigation

Turn-by-turn Navigation is a feature of some GPS navigation devices where directions for a selected route are continuously presented to the user in the form of spoken and visual instructions. [1] The system keeps the user up-to-date about the best route to the destination. [2] Turn-by-turn systems typically use an electronic voice to inform the user whether to turn or left, the street name, and how much distance to the turn. [3] Continue Reading “Turn-by-turn navigation”

Timation

The Timing satellites were conceived, developed, and launched by the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, DC, in 1964. The concept of timing was to broadcast an accurate time for use as a ranging signal to receivers on the ground. On 31 May 1967 the Timation-1 satellite was launched. This was followed by the Timing-2 satellite launch in 1969. The results of this program and the Air Force Project 621B formed the basis for the Global Positioning System (GPS). The Navy’s contribution to the GPS program continued to be focused on ever more accurate clocks. [1] Continue Reading “Timation”

Quasi-Zenith Satellite System

The Quasi-Zenith Satellite System (QZSS) is a regional satellite three- time transfer system in development and the satellite-based augmentation system for the Global Positioning System That Would Be receivable Within Japan . The first satellite “Michibiki” was lancé is 11 September 2010. [1] Full operational status Was expected by 2013. [2] [3] In March 2013, Japan’s Cabinet Office annoncé the expansion of the Quasi-Zenith Satellite System from three satellites To four. The $ 526 million contract with Mitsubishi Electric for the construction of three satellites is slated for launch before the end of 2017. Continue Reading “Quasi-Zenith Satellite System”

Point of interest

point of interest , or POI , is a specific location that someone may find useful or interesting. An example is a spot on the Earth Representing the rental of the Space Needle , gold is no one Mar. Representing the rental of the mountain , Olympus Mons . Most users use the term when referring to hotels, campsites, fuel stations or any other categories used in modern (automotive) navigation systems . In medical fields such as histology / pathology / histopathology , points of interest are selected from the general background in a field of view ; For example, Continue Reading “Point of interest”

Parus (satellite)

Parus ( Russian : Парус meaning Sail ), aussi Tsyklon-B gold Tsiklon-B ( Russian : Циклон-Б meaning Cyclone-B ) and Tsikada-M ( Russian : Цикада-М meaning Cicada-M ), [1] GRAU index 11F627 , Is a Russian , previously Soviet satellite constellation used for communication and navigation . As of 2010, 99 Parus satellites have been launched, starting with Kosmos 700 in 1974. [2] All launches have been conducted using Kosmos-3M carrier rockets, flying from sites 132 and 133 at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome . [3] Continue Reading “Parus (satellite)”

OziExplorer

OziExplorer is raster navigation and mapping software for Windows. It is very popular among off-road drivers and adventure travelers as it makes it possible to use and create custom maps for remote locations that are not fully covered by major map providers like Tele Atlas . That is why the software is also widely used on Post-Soviet states territory. Continue Reading “OziExplorer”

MTSAT Satellite Augmentation System

MTSAT Satellite Augmentation System (MSAS) [1] is a Japanese Satellite Based Augmentation System (SBAS ), ie a satellite navigation system that supports GPS differentiation (DGPS) designed to supplement the GPS system by reporting Of those signals. Tests have been accomplished successfully, MSAS for aviation was commissioned on September 27, 2007. Continue Reading “MTSAT Satellite Augmentation System”

Magellan Navigation

Magellan Navigation, Inc. is an American producer of consumer and global grade positioning system receivers, named after Ferdinand Magellan , the first explorer to circumnavigatethe globe. Headquartered in San Dimas, California , with European sales and engineering centers in Nantes , France and Moscow , Russia , Magellan also produces aftermarket automotive GPS units, including the Hertz Neverlost system found in Hertz rental cars. The Maestro, RoadMate, Triton, and eXplorist are Magellan’s current consumer offerings. The company also produces proprietary road maps (DirectRoute), Continue Reading “Magellan Navigation”

Local Area Augmentation System

The Local Area Augmentation System (LAAS) is an all-weather aircraft landing system based on real-time differential correction of the GPS signal. Local reference receivers Located around the airport send data to a central location at the airport . This data is used to formulate a correction message, which is then transmitted to users via a VHF Data Link . A receiver on an aircraft uses this information to correct GPS signals, which then provides a standard ILS -style display to use while flying a precision approach . The FAA has stopped using the term LAAS and has transitioned to the International Civil Aviation Organization(ICAO) terminology of Ground-Based Augmentation System (GBAS). [1] The FAA has indefinitely delayed plans for federal GBAS acquisition, the system can be purchased by air and non-Federal navigation aid. [2] Continue Reading “Local Area Augmentation System”

Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System

The Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System ( IRNSS ) with an operational name of NAVIC ( “sailor” or “navigator” in Sanskrit , Hindi and Many other Indian languages, qui aussi stands for NAV igation with I Ndian C onstellation [2] ) is an Autonomous regional satellite navigation system, which provides accurate real-time positioning and timing services. It covers India and a region extending 1,500 km (930 mi) around it, with plans for further extension. The present system consisted of a constellation of 7 satellites, [1] [3] with two additional satellites on ground as stand-by. [4] Continue Reading “Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System”

GNSS increase

Increase of a global navigation satellite system (GNSS) is a method of Improving the navigation system’s attributes, Such As accuracy, reliability, and availability, through the integration of external information into the calculation process. GNSS sensor receives the external information. Some of these systems provide additional information about sources of error (such as clock drift , ephemeris , or ionospheric delay ), others provide direct measurements of how much the signal was off in the past, Calculation process. Continue Reading “GNSS increase”

GLONASS

GLONASS ( Russian : ГЛОНАСС , IPA: [ɡlɐnas] , Глобальная навигационная спутниковая система ; transliteration Globalnaya navigatsionnaya sputnikovaya sistema ), or “Global Navigation Satellite System”, is a space-based satellite navigation system operating in the radionavigation-satellite service . It provides an alternative to GPS and is the second navigational system in operation with global coverage and comparable accuracy. Continue Reading “GLONASS”

Global air-traffic management

Global Air Traffic Management (GATM) is a concept for satellite-based communication, navigation, surveillance and air traffic management . The Federal Aviation Administration and the International Civil Aviation Organization , a special agency of the United Nations, established GATM standards in order to increase crowded worldwide air space. GATM to efficiently support air traffic control. Continue Reading “Global air-traffic management”

Geographic Data Files

Geographic Data Files ( GDF ) is an interchange file for geographic data . In contrast with generic GIS formats, GDF provides detailed rules for data capture and representation, and an extensive catalog of standard features, attributes and relationships. The most recently developed extension-enhanced application-oriented approach to navigation , 3-D map rendering, and advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS). Continue Reading “Geographic Data Files”

Galileo (satellite navigation)

Galileo is the global system of satellite navigation (GNSS) That Is Currently being white created by the European Union (EU) through the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European GNSS Agency (GSA), [3] headquartered in Prague in the Czech Republic , With two ground operations centers, Oberpfaffenhofen near Munich in Germany and Fucino in Italy. The € 5 billion project [4] is named after the Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei . One of the AIMS of Galileo is to Provide an independent high-precision positioning system so European nations do not-have to Rely on the Russian GLONASS , Chinese BeiDou or US GPS systems, qui Could Be disabled or degraded by Their operators at Any Time. [5] The use of basic (lower-precision) Galileo services will be free and open to everyone. The higher-precision capabilities will be available for paying commercial users. Galileo is intended to provide horizontal and vertical position measurements within 1-meter precision, and better positioning services at higher latitudes than other positioning systems. Which could be disabled or degraded by their operators at any time. [5] The use of basic (lower-precision) Galileo services will be free and open to everyone. The higher-precision capabilities will be available for paying commercial users. Galileo is intended to provide horizontal and vertical position measurements within 1-meter precision, and better positioning services at higher latitudes than other positioning systems. Which could be disabled or degraded by their operators at any time. [5] The use of basic (lower-precision) Galileo services will be free and open to everyone. The higher-precision capabilities will be available for paying commercial users. Galileo is intended to provide horizontal and vertical position measurements within 1-meter precision, and better positioning services at higher latitudes than other positioning systems. Continue Reading “Galileo (satellite navigation)”

European Satellite Navigation Competition

The European Satellite Navigation Competition (ESNC) is an annual international innovation competition that recognizes the best ideas in the field of downstream applications based on satellite navigation. From companies and research institutes to students and other independent individuals, anyone is free to enter. Ideas can be submitted to the competition homepage www.esnc.eu annually from 1 April to 30 June. The ESNC was inaugurated in three regions in 2004 under the patronage of the Bavarian Ministry of Economic Affairs and is organized by Anwendungszentrum GmbH Oberpfaffenhofen (AZO). Since then, the competition has transformed itself into an international network that embodies innovation and expertise with the support of the most relevant stakeholders in the field, Such as the European Space Agency (GSA), the European Space Agency (ESA), the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and the German Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure . Since 2011, the competition is also supported by the European Commission . Until 2006, the ESNC Was called “Galileo Masters” in reference to the European satellite navigation system Galileo . [1] The competition is also supported by the European Commission . Until 2006, the ESNC Was called “Galileo Masters” in reference to the European satellite navigation system Galileo . [1] The competition is also supported by the European Commission . Until 2006, the ESNC Was called “Galileo Masters” in reference to the European satellite navigation system Galileo . [1] Continue Reading “European Satellite Navigation Competition”

BeiDou Navigation Satellite System

The Beidou Navigation Satellite System ( BDS , simplified Chinese : 北斗卫星导航系统 ; traditional Chinese : 北斗衛星導航系統 ; pinyin : Běidǒu Weixing dǎoháng xìtǒng ) is a Chinese navigation satellite system. It consists of two separate satellite constellations – a limited test system that has been operating since 2000, and a full-scale global navigation system that is currently under construction. Continue Reading “BeiDou Navigation Satellite System”

Automatic vehicle rental

Automatic vehicle rental ( AVL or ~ locating ; telelocating in EU) is a means for automatically determining and transmitting the geographic location of a vehicle . This data, from one or more vehicles, may then be collected by a vehicle tracking system to manage an overview of vehicle travel. As of 2017, GPS technology has reached the point of having the transmitting device, and is able to run 6 months or more between battery chargings, easy to communicate with smartphones Requiring a duplicate SIM card from a mobile phone carrier in most cases) and all for less than $ 20 USD. Continue Reading “Automatic vehicle rental”

Satellite navigation

satellite navigation or sat nav system is a system That uses satellites to Provide autonomous geo-spatial positioning. It Allows small electronic receivers to determine Their rental ( longitude , latitude , and altitude / elevation ) to high precision (Within A Few meters) using time signals Transmitted along a line of sight by radio from satellites. The system can be used for providing position, navigation or for tracking the position of a satellite receiver. The results of this study are summarized as follows: Which allows time synchronization. Satnav systems operate independently of any telephonic or internet reception, but these technologies can enhance the usefulness of the positioning information generated. Continue Reading “Satellite navigation”