Theory of Motivated Information Management

Theory of Motivated Information Management or TMIM , is a social-psychological framework that examines the relationship between information management and uncertainty . The theory posits That Individuals are “motivated to manage Their uncertainty levels When They Perceive a discrepancy entre les level of uncertainty They Have about year end and the significant level of uncertainty They Want” (Guerrero et al., P. 83). [1] In other words, someone may be uncertain about an important issue but decides not to engage or seek information because they are comfortable with that state. [2]

This psychological theory, like many others, is applied in communication , specifically in the subfields of interpersonal and human communication .

Background

Theory of Motivated Information Management

TMIM is a relatively new and developing theory . It was first proposed in 2004 by Walid Afifi and Judith Weiner through their article, “Toward a Theory of Motivated Information Management”. [3] A revision to the theory was put forth by Walid Afifi and Christopher Morse in 2009.

TMIM was developed for a person ‘active’ information management efforts in interpersonal communication channels. [4] The framework shares close ties to Brashers ‘ uncertainty management theory , Babrow’s problematic integration theory , Johnson & Meischkes’ comprehensive model of information seeking (CMIS) and Bandura’s social cognitive theory . [3] The revision also relies on Lazarus’ appraisal theory of emotions. [5] TMIM stemmed out of a desire to bring together ideas and address limitations of existing frameworks on uncertainty. More specifically, it emphasizes the role played by efficacy beliefs, Explicitly highlights the role played by the information provider in uncertainty management interactions, and Improves communication research about uncertainty management decisions. [5]

Definition

TMIM can be defined as a two-stage process that information providers go through in deciding what, if any, information to provide . [6]

TMIM’s three-phase process consists of the interpreting, evaluation, and decision-making stages and the two-stage process is broken down by examining the role of the information seeker and information provider.

Phases

Process for the Information Seeker

Interpretation Phase

The first phase involves an assessment of uncertainty . According to TMIM, individuals experience uncertainty when they feel that they can not predict what happens with a particular issue or in a given situation. The difference between the amount of uncertainty and the amount of uncertainty that it desires to have is uncertainty discrepancy. [3] It serves as the motivation factor for the information seeking process.

TMIM originally proposed that uncertainty discrepancy caused anxiety due to a persons’ need for a balance between their desired and actual states of uncertainty. [6] The revised version, however, proposes that the discrepancy can create emotions other than anxiety, including shame, guilt or anger, among others. [5] Nevertheless, the emotion felt influences, and is followed by, an evaluation.

Evaluation Phase

The evaluation phase focuses on mediation. It is used to make the effect of the emotion by evaluating the expectations about the outcomes of an information search and the perceived abilities to gain the sought after. [3] In other words, the individual weighs whether or not to seek additional information. This involves two general considerations: [7]

  1. Outcome expectancy – individuals assess the pros and cons. (Will the expected outcome be positive or negative?)
  2. Evaluate assessments – individuals decide whether they are able to gather the information needed to manage their uncertainty discrepancy and then actually cope with it. (Will the expected outcome be too much to handle or manageable?)

These two conditions will determine how someone seeks information. According to TMIM, individuals who experience feelings of efficacy in order to engage in task or hand. [6] Unlikely Conceptualizations the broad efficacy of reconnu by the comprehensive model of information seeking (CMIS), the theory Argues three very specific efficacy perceptions That are uniquely relevant to interpersonal communication episodes: [5]

  1. Communication efficiency – An individuals’ perception that they have the communication skills to successfully complete the task at hand.
  2. Coping efficacy – An individuals’ belief that they can or can not cope with what information they could discover from seeking.
  3. Target efficacy – consist of two distinct components: target ability and target willingness. Thus, this is based on an individuals’ perception of the target person’s ability and willingness to give them information that will reduce their uncertainty discrepancy.

The theory argues that outcome expectancy, which is an individuals’ assessments of the benefits and costs of information seeking , impact their efficacy judgments. [7] However, they have little direct impact on their decision to seek information. [5] In other words, TMIM assigns efficacy as the primary direct predictor of that decision.

The Decision Phase

The decision is made to decide whether or not to engage information. TMIM proposed three ways of doing so:

1. Seek Relevant information:

Several studies have found that the most important of these are the following. [3] TMIM’s image of information managers is consistent with these findings. However, anxiety reduction is unlikely, or is likely to be unproductive, they will likely resort to other strategies. [3]

2. Avoid Relevant information:

Rather than seeking information. TMIM hypothesizes that individuals are most likely to avoid information if they consider information risky due to the outcome, efficacy beliefs or both. [5] Some people may also avoid situations or people who may offer information. This response to the ‘active avoidance’ and essentially, the individual decides that “the reduction of the uncertainty related to anxiety is likely to be more damaging than beneficial”. [3]

3. Cognitive reappraisal :

According to TMIM, individuals can also reduce the anxiety or emotion that activates the need for uncertainty management by changing their mindset (cognitive alteration). [3] Therefore, the individual reappraises “the perceived level of issue importance, the desired level of uncertainty.” [5]

Process for Information Provider

Model of TMIM Predictions

TMIM highlights the role of the target-information provider. It assesses the impact of how much information the target-provider would give and how they do so. The theory argues that the provider goes through similar evaluation and decision phases as the information seeker. [5] The provider considers the prospect and after-effect of the outcome assessment and their efficacy to do so. However, the efficacy perceptions are tailored to the provider:

  1. Communication efficiency – Is the provider confident in their skills to competently provide the information?
  2. Coping effectiveness – Can the provider cope with the consequences of providing the information?
  3. Target efficacy – Is the seeker able and willing to manage the provided information?

These outcomes and assessments help the provider choose whether to provide information to the seeker or not. During the decision phase, the provider also gets to determine how and in what way to convey the sought after after information. For example, the information provider can decide to answer a face-to-face or by email.

Application

Several studies have successfully tested TMIM. Specifically, the theoreticians have the ability to predict whether or not they will be able to talk to their parents about their parents’ relationship (2006). ), And those who are children of their parents who are eldercare preferences (2011), among other issues. In all these cases, the theory has favorable results about its utility to predict individuals’ information management decisions, but also experienced some limitations.

See also

  • Information Management
  • Personal information management
  • Interpersonal communication
  • Efficacy
  • Anxiety / Uncertainty management

References

  1. Jump up^ Guerrero, Laura (2011). Close Encounters: Communication in Relationships . Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE. pp. 83-85.
  2. Jump up^ Guerrero; et al. (2011). Close Encounters: Communication in Relationships . Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. pp. 83-85.
  3. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g h Afifi &, W .; Weiner, J. (2004). “Toward a Theory of Motivated Information Management”. International Communication Association . 14 (2): 167-190. Doi : 10.1093 / ct / 14.2.167 .
  4. Jump up^ Afifi, W. &; Weiner, J. (2006). “Seeking Information About Sexual Health: Applying the Theory of Motivated Information Management”. International Communication Association . 32 : 35-57. Doi : 10.1111 / j.1468-2958.2006.00002.x .
  5. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g h Afifi, WA (2009). “In Wilson, S. & Smith, S. (Eds)”. New Directions in Interpersonal Communication . Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE: 94-114.
  6. ^ Jump up to:a b c Theory of Motivated Information Management (Encyclopedia of Communication Theory ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE. 2009.
  7. ^ Jump up to:a b Afifi, W. & Fowler, C. (2011). “Applying the Theory of Motivated Information to Adult Children’s Discussions of Caregiving with New Parents”. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships . 28 (4): 507-535. Doi : 10.1177 / 0265407510384896 .

System information modeling

System information modeling ( SIM ) is a generic term used to describe the process of modeling complex connected systems. System information models are digital representations of connected systems, Such As electrical instrumentation and control , power and communications systems. The objects modelled in a SIM have a 1: 1 relationship with the objects in the physical system. Components, connections and functions are defined and linked as they would be in the real world. Continue Reading “System information modeling”

Records management taxonomy

Records management taxonomy is the representation of data, on which the classification of unstructured content is based, within an organization. It May Itself manifest as metadata in structured database fields or in folder structures Represented to end users from a user interface Within a system. [1] [2] It is created to Facilitate the proper records management policies dans le organization, fulfillment of regulatory compliance , operational and integration to knowledge management systems and the search for information dans le organization. It can be applied to physical or electronic records . [1] Continue Reading “Records management taxonomy”

Project Cybersyn

Project Cybersyn was a Chilean project from 1971-1973 during the presidency of Salvador Allende aimed at constructing a distributed decision support system to aid in the national economy. The project consisted of four modules: an economic simulator, custom software to check factory performance, an operations room, and a national network of telex machines that were linked to one mainframe computer. [2] Continue Reading “Project Cybersyn”

Ogas

Ogas ( Russian : Общегосударственная автоматизированная система учёта и обработки информации , All-State Automated System) Was a Soviet project to create a nationwide network information . The project Began in 1962 aim Was Necessary denied funding in 1970. It was one of a series of Attempts to create a nationwide network Analogous to what est devenu the Internet , all of qui failed. Continue Reading “Ogas”

Institute of Certified Records Managers

The Institute of Certified Records Management and ICRM is an international certifying organization for professional records and information managers. It is affiliated with ARMA International and the Nuclear Information and Records Management Association (NIRMA). It was incorporated in 1975 and is headquartered in Albany, New York . Continue Reading “Institute of Certified Records Managers”

Image scanner

Incomparison , an image scanner -often abbreviated to just scanner , although the term is ambiguous out of context ( barcode scanner , CAT scanner etc.) – is a device that optically scans images, printed text, handwriting or an object and converts it to A digital image . Commonly used in offices are variations of the desktop flatbed scanner where the document is placed on a glass window for scanning. Hand-held scanners , where the device is moved by hand, have evolved from text scanning “wands” to 3D scanners used for industrial design, reverse engineering, testing and measurement, orthotics , gaming and other applications. Continue Reading “Image scanner”

Fortenberry & Associates

Fortenberry & Associates, Inc. is an American, Colorado-based, Woman owned business That Provides custom information management , information governance and records management consulting to business and government organisms. Headquartered in Aurora , Colorado, Fortenberry & Associates has been serving customers across the United States and Canada since 2005. Continue Reading “Fortenberry & Associates”

Electronic document and records management system

Electronic Document and records management system ( EDRMS ) is a kind of content management system and Refers to the combined technologies of the document management and records management systems as an integrated system.

Contents

[ Hide ]

  • 1The aim of electronic document and records management
  • 2EDRMS software
  • 3Associated technologies
  • 4Professional organizations

The aim of electronic document and records management

Electronic Document and Records Management AIMS to enable organisms to manage the documents and records Throughout The paper life-cycle , from establishment to destruction.

Typically, systems consider a work-in-progress until it has undergone review, approval, lock-down , and (potentially) publication, where it will wait to be used. The version of the form that is saved containing the content will become a formal record within the organization.

Once a document achieves the status of a record, the organization may apply best-practice or legally enforced retention policies which state the second half of the record . This typically involves retention (and protection from change), until some events occur which relate to the record and which trigger the final disposition to apply to the record. Eventually, typically at a set time after these events, the record undergoes destruction .

EDRMS software

A range of software vendors offer all of these systems at an enterprise level.

These vendors have historically provided electronic records management systems and have small records management system companies. The seamlessness of the integration and the original intention of the records-management to manage electronic records typically sets the complexity of deploying and potentially of the final system.

Associated technologies

  • Business process management (BPM)
  • Enterprise content management (ECM)
  • scanning
  • Web content management (WCM)
  • Case management and matter management

Professional organizations

Professional organizations for documents and records include:

  • Association for Information and Image Management (AIIM)
  • Association of Records Managers and Administrators (ARMA International)
  • Business Forms Management Association (BFMA)
  • Records Management Society (RMS)
  • Records and Information Management Professionals Australasia (RIMPA)
  • Nuclear Information & Records Management Association (NIRMA)

Dublin Core

The Dublin Core Schema is a web-based, web-based, web-based, web-based resource that enables users to create, manage, and distribute web pages. [1] The full set of Dublin Core metadata terms can be found on the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI) website. [2] The original set of 15 classic [3] metadata terms, known as the Dublin Core Metadata Element Set, [4] is endorsed in the following standards documents: Continue Reading “Dublin Core”

Content storage management

Content storage management ( CSM ) is a technology for the evolution of traditional media archive technology used by media companies and content owners. MSC solutions focus is active management of happy and media assets Regardless of size, type and source, proprietary interfaces entre glad source / destination devices and Any size and the type of commodity IT centric storage technology. These digital media files (or assets) MOST Often Contain video goal in rarer cases May be still pictures or sound. A CSM system may be directed by upper level systems, Continue Reading “Content storage management”

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A non-biological entity with a cellular organizational structure (Also Known As has cellular organism , cellular system , nodal organization , nodal structure , and so on) is set up in Such a Way That It mimics how natural systems Within biology work, with individual ‘ Cells’ or ‘nodes’ working somewhat independently to establish goals and tasks, administer those things, and troubleshoot difficulties. These cells exist in a broader network in which they frequently communicate with each other, exchanging information, in a more of less even organizational playing field. Numerous examples have existed both in economic terms as well as for groups working towards other pursuits. This structure, as applied in areas such as business management , exists in direct contrast to traditional hierarchical leadership which is seen in institutions such as United States federal government agencies , where one type of supervisor gives specific orders to another supervisor and so on down the line . [1] [2] [3] Direct exists in contrast to traditional hierarchical leadership That Is seen in institutions Such As United States federal government agencies , Where one kind of supervisor Gives specific orders to Reviews another supervisor and so on down the line. [1] [2] [3] Direct exists in contrast to traditional hierarchical leadership That Is seen in institutions Such As United States federal government agencies , Where one kind of supervisor Gives specific orders to Reviews another supervisor and so on down the line. [1] [2] [3] Continue Reading “Cellular organizational structure”

Business Intelligence

Business Intelligence ( BI ) including the set of strategies, processes, applications , data , technologies and technical architectures that are used to support the collection, data analysis , presentation and dissemination of business information . [1] BI technologies provide historical, current and predictive views of business operations . Common functions of business intelligence technologies include reporting , online analytical processing , analytics , data mining , process mining , complex event processing , Business performance management , benchmarking , text mining , predictive analytics and prescriptive analytics . BI technologies can handle large amounts of structured and sometimes unstructured data to help identify, develop and otherwise create new strategic business opportunities . They want to allow for the easy interpretation of these big data . Identifying new opportunities and implementing an effective strategy based on insights can provide businesses with a competitive market advantage and long-term stability. [2] Predictive analytics and prescriptive analytics . BI technologies can handle large amounts of structured and sometimes unstructured data to help identify, develop and otherwise create new strategic business opportunities. They want to allow for the easy interpretation of these big data . Identifying new opportunities and implementing an effective strategy based on insights can provide businesses with a competitive market advantage and long-term stability. [2] Predictive analytics and prescriptive analytics . BI technologies can handle large amounts of structured and sometimes unstructured data to help identify, develop and otherwise create new strategic business opportunities . They want to allow for the easy interpretation of these big data . Identifying new opportunities and implementing an effective strategy based on insights can provide businesses with a competitive market advantage and long-term stability. [2] Develop and create new strategic business opportunities . They want to allow for the easy interpretation of these big data . Identifying new opportunities and implementing an effective strategy based on insights can provide businesses with a competitive market advantage and long-term stability. [2] Develop and create new strategic business opportunities . They want to allow for the easy interpretation of these big data . Identifying new opportunities and implementing an effective strategy based on insights can provide businesses with a competitive market advantage and long-term stability. [2] Continue Reading “Business Intelligence”

Information Systems and Management

Information and Management Systems is a French peer-reviewed academic paper , published by Eska (Paris) That covers theoretical and empirical research in the areas of information systems and information technology . Topics include computer science , operations research, design science, organization theory and behavior, knowledge management, enterprise system, cloud computing , IS architecture; IT and health, data analysis and management. The chief editor is Professor R. Meissonier ( Montpellier University ) and is affiliated with theAssociation for Information Systems . [1] [2] [3] [4] Continue Reading “Information Systems and Management”

Management Information Systems Quarterly

Management Information Systems Quarterly is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal that covers research in the areas of management information and information technology. It was established in 1977 and is widely regarded as one of the most prestigious journals in the discipline disciplines. [1] [2] It is an official journal of the Association for Information Systems [3] and is published by the Information Systems Research Center ( University of Minnesota ). The current editor-in-chief is Dr. Arun Rai from Georgia State University . Continue Reading “Management Information Systems Quarterly”

Journal of the Association for Information Systems

The Journal of the Association for Information Systems is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific report that covers research in the areas of information systems and technology . It is an official journal of the Association for Information Systems and is published electronically. The Journal was established in 2000 and is abstracted and indexed in Science Citation Index , Social Sciences Citation , and Current Contents / Social & Behavioral Sciences. According to the Journal Citation Reports , the paper has a 2015 impact factor of 1.774. [1] Continue Reading “Journal of the Association for Information Systems”

International Journal on Semantic Web and Information Systems

The International Journal on Semantic Web and Information Systems ( IJSWIS ) [1] is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering the semantic web and information systems. It was established in 2005 and is published by IGI Global . The editor-in-chief is Miltiadis D. Lytras ( The American College of Greece , Greece ). Continue Reading “International Journal on Semantic Web and Information Systems”

Information Systems Research

Information Systems Research is a peer-reviewed academic journal of That covers research in the areas of information systems and information technology , Including cognitive psychology , economics , computer science , operations research , design science, organization theory and behavior , sociology , and strategic management . It is published by theInstitute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences , and was recently selected as one of the top 20 professional / academic journals by BusinessWeek . [1] Along withInformation Systems Systems Quarterly , Information Systems Research is one of the most prestigious journals in the information systems discipline. [2] [3] The current editor-in-chief is Alok Gupta ( University of Minnesota , Carlson School of Management ). Gupta was preceded by Ritu Agarwal (2011-2016) from the University of Maryland, College Park’s Robert H. Smith School of Business and Vallabh Sambamurthy (2005 – 2010) from Michigan State University’s Eli Broad College of Business . Information Systems Research is regarded as one of the most prestigious journals in the information systems discipline. [2] [3] The current editor-in-chief is Alok Gupta ( University of Minnesota , Carlson School of Management ). Gupta was preceded by Ritu Agarwal (2011-2016) from the University of Maryland, College Park’s Robert H. Smith School of Business and Vallabh Sambamurthy (2005 – 2010) from Michigan State University’s Eli Broad College of Business . Information Systems Research is regarded as one of the most prestigious journals in the information systems discipline. [2] [3] The current editor-in-chief is Alok Gupta ( University of Minnesota , Carlson School of Management ). Gupta was preceded by Ritu Agarwal (2011-2016) from the University of Maryland, College Park’s Robert H. Smith School of Business and Vallabh Sambamurthy (2005 – 2010) from Michigan State University’s Eli Broad College of Business . [2] [3] The current editor-in-chief is Alok Gupta ( University of Minnesota , Carlson School of Management ). Gupta was preceded by Ritu Agarwal (2011-2016) from the University of Maryland, College Park’s Robert H. Smith School of Business and Vallabh Sambamurthy (2005 – 2010) from Michigan State University’s Eli Broad College of Business . [2] [3] The current editor-in-chief is Alok Gupta ( University of Minnesota , Carlson School of Management ). Gupta was preceded by Ritu Agarwal (2011-2016) from the University of Maryland, College Park’s Robert H. Smith School of Business and Vallabh Sambamurthy (2005 – 2010) from Michigan State University’s Eli Broad College of Business . Continue Reading “Information Systems Research”

Memory cell (binary)

The memory cell is the fundamental building block of computer memory . The memory cell is an electronic circuit that stores one bit of binary information and it must be set to store a logic 1 (high voltage level) and reset to store a logic 0 (low voltage level). Its value is maintained / stored until it is changed by the set / reset process. The value in the memory can be accessed by reading it. Continue Reading “Memory cell (binary)”

Flip-flop (electronics)

In electronics , a flip-flop or latch is a circuit that has two stable states and can be used to store state information. A flip-flop is a bistable multivibrator . The circuit can be made to change state by signals applied to one or more inputs and will have one or two outputs. It is the basic storage element in sequential logic . Flip-flops and latches are fundamental building blocks of digital electronics systems used in computers, communications, and many other types of systems. Continue Reading “Flip-flop (electronics)”

Digital timing diagram

digital timing diagram is a representation of a set of signals in the time domain. A timing diagram can contain many rows, usually one of them being the clock. It is a tool that is ubiquitous in digital electronics, hardware debugging, and digital communications. Besides providing an overall description of the timing relationships, the digital timing diagram can help find and diagnose digital logic hazards . Continue Reading “Digital timing diagram”

Digital electronics

Digital electronics and digital (electronic) circuits are electronics that handle digital signals (discrete bands of analog levels). All levels within a band of values ​​represent the same information state . In most cases, the two voltage bands are one and the same voltage. These correspond to the false and true values ​​of the Boolean domain . Because of this discretization , relatively small changes to the analog signal levels of the discrete envelope, Continue Reading “Digital electronics”

Digital cross connect system

digital cross-connect system (DCS or DXC) is a piece of circuit-switched network equipment, used in telecommunications networks, that allows lower-level TDM bit streams , such as DS0 bit streams, to be rearranged and interconnected among higher-level TDM signals, such as DS1 bit streams. DCS units are available as both T-carrier and E-carrier bit streams, as well as newer SONET / SDH bit streams. Continue Reading “Digital cross connect system”

Real Time Information Group

The Real Time Information Group (also RTI ) is an organization in the United Kingdom supporting the development of bus passenger information systems ; icts 85 members include local autorités , bus operators and system suppliers together with Representatives from the UK government and other key industry groups Such As ITS (UK) Travel Information Highway, and the UTMC Development Group (UDG). [1] Continue Reading “Real Time Information Group”

Rome2rio

Rome2rio is a multimodal transport search engine that has been launched in April 2011. [1] Rome2rio’s platform is capable of long-distance (inter-city) trip planning as well as local (intra-city) journey planning. Users can input any address, town or landmark as the origin and destination and Rome2rio searches a database of flight, train, ferry, bus and driving routes to present route and price options for traveling to that destination. Continue Reading “Rome2rio”

Transmodel

Transmodel (formally CEN TC278, Reference Data Model For Public Transport, EN12896 ) is the CEN European Reference Data Model for Public Transport Information; It provides an abstract model of common public transportation concepts and data structures That can be used to build Many different kinds of public transport information system , Including for timetabling, fares, operational management, real time data, journey schedule etc. Continue Reading “Transmodel”

Working timetable

Working timetable (WTT) – (Ger. Buchfahrplan ; Fr. Booklet March of Trains ; N. America Employee Timetable is a set of -) timetables , for the internal use of a railway ‘s operating staff, the show That All Planned trainmovements in a defined area. The trains included may be passenger trains , freight trains , empty stock movements, or even bus and / or ship connections or replacements. Continue Reading “Working timetable”

Public transport timetable

public transport timetable (also timetable and North American English schedule ) is a document setting out information on service times, to assist passengers with planning a trip. Typically, the timetable will list the times when a service is scheduled to arrive at and depart from specified locations. It may show all movements at a particular location or all movements on a particular route or for a particular stop. Traditionally this information was provided in printed form, for example as a leaflet or poster. It is now available in a variety of electronic formats. Continue Reading “Public transport timetable”

Public transport route planner

public transport route planner is an intermodal journey planner , Typically accessed via the web That Provides information about available public transport services. The application prompts a user to input a origin and a destination, and then uses algorithms to find a good road between the two on public transit services. Time of travel may be constrained to either time of departure or arrival and other routing preferences may be specified as well. Continue Reading “Public transport route planner”

Platform display

platform display , display destination or describer Train (British English) is supplementing the destination sign is arriving train passengers annually giving advance information. Historically they did not even show the next destination and sometimes the type of train. In later usage They Were Replaced by passenger information display systems (PIDS) Allowing for real-time passenger information. Continue Reading “Platform display”

NETEX

Netex (Formally Network Exchange CEN / TS 16614-1: 2014 ‘, PD CEN / TS 16614-2: 2014 and PD CEN / TS 16614-3: 2014 ) is the CEN Technical Standard for Public Transport Information as XML documents. It provides a W3C XML scheme based on the Transmodel abstract model of common public transportation concepts and data structures and can be used to exchange data Many different kinds of entre passenger information systems , Including for stops, facilities, timetabling, fares. Such data can be used by both operational management systems and customer facing systems for day planning and so on. Continue Reading “NETEX”

MTA Bus Time

MTA Bus Time , stylized as BusTime , is a Service Interface for Real Time Information (SIRI) automatic vehicle location (AVL) and passenger information system provided by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) of New York City for customers of ict bus operations under the New York City Bus and MTA Bus Company brands. First tested in late 2010 and officially launched in early 2011, MTA Bus Time was installed in all MTA bus routes in New York City by 2014. The software uses GPS-enabled technologies to relay real-time information to passengers via internet-enabled devices ( smartphones ), SMS messages , or countdown clocks installed at bus stops. Similar to the technology used for countdown clocks found in the New York City subway system (called Subway Time ), [1] the project is the successor to multiple attempts by the MTA to install positioning technology for buses, going back to 1996. Continue Reading “MTA Bus Time”

Journey planner

journey planner , trip planner , or route planner is a specialized search engine used to find an optimal means of traveling between two or more given locations, sometimes using more than one mode transport . [1] [2] Searches May be we Optimized different criteria, for example fastest , shortest , least exchange , cheapest . [3] They may be constrained for example to leave or arrive at a certain time, to avoid certain waypoints, etc. A single journey may use a sequence of several modes of transport , meaning que le system May know about public transportservices as well as transportation networks for private transportation. Journey planning is sometimes distinguished from route planning , [4] where route planning is typically thought of as using , driving , walking or cycling . Journey schedule by contrast Would Makes use of at least one public transportation fashion Operates qui selon published schedules . Journey planning is sometimes distinguished from route planning , [4] where route planning is typically thought of as using , driving , walking or cycling . Journey schedule by contrast Would Makes use of at least one public transportation fashion Operates qui selon published schedules . Journey planning is sometimes distinguished from route planning , [4] where route planning is typically thought of as using , driving , walking or cycling . Journey schedule by contrast Would Makes use of at least one public transportation fashion Operates qui selon published schedules . Continue Reading “Journey planner”

Identification of Fixed Objects in Public Transport

IFOPT ( Identification of Fixed Objects in Public Transport ) is a prCEN Technical Specification That Provides a Reference Data Model for Describing the hand fixed objects required for public access to Public transportation , That Is to say Transportation hubs (Such as airports , stations , stops bus , ports , and other destination places and items of interest, as well as Their entrances, platforms, concourses, internal spaces, equipment, facilities, accessibility etc.).Such a model is a Fundamental Component of the Modern Public transport information systems needed to operate Both Public transport and to inform passengers about services. Continue Reading “Identification of Fixed Objects in Public Transport”

Destination sign

destination sign (North American English) or destination indicator / blind destination (British English) is a sign mounted on the front, side or rear of a public transport vehicle, Such As a bus , tram / streetcar or light rail vehicle , That Displays the vehicle’s route number and destination. The windshield of a windswept windswept windswept windswept windswept windswept wind , Of the vehicle. Depending on the type of the sign, Continue Reading “Destination sign”

Traffic information service – broadcast

Traffic Information Service – Broadcast ( TIS-B ) is an aviation information service That Allows pilots to see near real time position and ground track in 45 degree increments of other nearby aircraft have Either a “traffic advisory” or “proximate” intruder, for the Purposes of collision avoidance. It presents to the pilot’s combined representation of aircraft positions derived from GPS satellite and ground-based radar data sources similar to what an air traffic controller Sees on the ground. Continue Reading “Traffic information service – broadcast”

Xcon

The R1 (internally called Expired XCON , for e X pert CON included) program Was a generation-rule-based system written in OPS5 by John P. McDermott of CMU in 1978 to assist in the ordering of December ‘s VAX computer systems by automatically Selecting The computer system components based on the customer’s requirements. The development of XCON followed two previous unsuccessful efforts to write an expert for this task, in FORTRAN and BASIC . Continue Reading “Xcon”

Work systems

Work system has been used loosely in many areas. IT-linking systems in organizations. A notable use of the term occurred in 1977 in the first volume of MIS Quarterly in two articles by Bostrom and Heinen (1977). Later Sumner and Ryan (1994) used it to explain problems in the adoption of CASE ( computer-aided software engineering ). A number of socio-technical systems researchers such as Trist and Mumford also used the term occasionally, but seemed to define it in detail. In contrast, the work system approach defines work system carefully and uses it as a basic analytical concept. Continue Reading “Work systems”

Warehouse execution system

Warehouse Execution Systems ( WES ) [1] [2] are computerized systems used in distribution operations ( Logistics ) and are functionally equivalent to a manufacturing execution system or MES. (Assembled). (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) View Larger Map Manufacturers and Distributors

Features of both a WES and MES track and control work process. WES software organizes , sequences and synchronizes work resources necessary to complete assembly and shipment of finished product. WES works in real time to enable the control of multiple elements of the production process (eg inputs, personnel, machines and support services). Continue Reading “Warehouse execution system”

Virtual USA

Virtual USA (VUSA) is joined federal and state cooperation was Project That Would allow state and local online tools and technologies, Such As caches of geospatial data, to be interoperable and more Useful with the goal of Creating a “Virtual USA “for emergency response purposes. [1] The initiative Was developed by the DHS Directorate for Science and Technology (S & T), and Currently Operates as a pilot in eight states – Alabama , Georgia , Florida , Louisiana , Mississippi , Texas , Virginia and Tennessee – with plans to incorporate additional states. [2] Continue Reading “Virtual USA”

VAT Information Exchange System

The VAT Information Exchange System ( VIES ) is an electronic means of transmitting information relating to VAT registration of companies registered in the European Union . Where the purchaser resides in the territory of the other Contracting State, For this reason, suppliers need an easy way to validate the VAT numbers presented by purchasers. This validation is performed through VIES. Continue Reading “VAT Information Exchange System”

Value sensitive design

Value sensitive design (VSD) is a theoretically grounded approach to the design of technology that accounts for human values ​​in a principled and comprehensive manner. [1] VOD addresses design issues dans le fields of information systems design and human-computer interaction by Emphasizing the ethical values of Direct and indirect stakeholders . It was developed by Batya Friedman and Peter Kahn at the University of Washington in the late 1980s and early 1990s. This approach takes human values ​​into the whole process. [2] Designs are developed using a tripartite investigation consisting of three phases: conceptual, empirical and technological. Continue Reading “Value sensitive design”

Validis

Validis is a web-based service which detects anomalies in a data base. The word itself is derived from a concatenation of Validate and Discover. The primary role of the SME is to provide financial support to the SME . It provides a means of identifying what is incomplete, invalid, inconsistent, or inaccurate, an analysis collectively tagged the ‘Four Is’. Continue Reading “Validis”

Urban and Regional Information Systems Association

The Urban and Regional Information Systems Association (URISA) is a nonprofit association of professionals using geographic information systems (GIS) and other information technologies to solve challenges at all levels of government. [1] URISA promotes the effective and ethical use of spatial information and technology for the understanding and management of urban and regional systems. [2] Continue Reading “Urban and Regional Information Systems Association”

Trust management (information system)

In information system and information technology , management trust is an abstract system processes That symbolic representations of social trust , usually to aid automated decision-making process. Such representations, eg in a form of cryptographic credentials, can link the abstract system of trust management with results of trust assessment. Trust management is particularly important in providing information security , specifically access controlpolicies. Continue Reading “Trust management (information system)”

Transport standard organizations

Transportation standards organizations is an item Transportation Standards organizations , consortia and groups That are Involved in Producing and Maintaining That standards are falling to the global transportation technology, transportation journey schedule and transportation ticket / retailing industry. Transport systems are inherently distributed systems with complex information requirements. Robust modern standards for transport are important for the safe and efficient operation of transport systems. These include: Continue Reading “Transport standard organizations”

TOPS

Total Operations Processing System , or TOPS , is a computer system for managing the locomotives and rolling stock ( railroad cars ) owned by and / or operated on a rail system. It was originally developed by the American-based Southern Pacific Railroad and was widely sold; It is best known in Britain for its use by British Rail (BR) and its successors. Continue Reading “TOPS”

System Wide Information Management

System Wide Information Management ( SWIM ) is a Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) advanced technology program designed to Facilitate Greater sharing of Air Traffic Management (ATM) system information, Such As airport operational status, weather information, flight data, status of special use airspace , And National Airspace System (NAS) restrictions. NAS information systems. NAS information systems. SWIM will use commercial off-the-shelf hardware and software to support a service oriented architecture (SOA) that will facilitate the addition of new systems and data exchanges and increase common situational awareness. Continue Reading “System Wide Information Management”

System of record

system of record (SOR) gold source system of record (SSOR) is a data management term for an information storage system (Commonly Implemented was computer system running a database management system ) That is the authoritative data source for a Given data element gold Piece of information. The need to Identify systems of record can Become acute in organisms Where management information systems -have-been built by Taking output data from multiple source systems, re-processing this data, And Then re-presenting the result for a new business use. Continue Reading “System of record”

System for Electronic Document Analysis and Retrieval

The System for Electronic Document Analysis and Retrieval ( SEDAR ) is a mandatory document filing and retrieval system for Canadian public companies. It is similar to EDGAR , the filing system operated by the Securities and Exchange Commission for United States public companies. SEDAR is the Canadian Securities Administrator of the Canadian Securities Administrators , a coordinating body comprising the Alberta Securities Commission . Continue Reading “System for Electronic Document Analysis and Retrieval”

Student information system

student information system ( SIS ), student management system , school administration software or student administration system is a management information system for education establishments to manage student data. Student Information Systems Provide capabilities for Registering students in races Documenting grading , transcripts , results of student testing and other assessment scores , building student schedules, tracking student attendance, and managing Many other student-related data needs in a school. Continue Reading “Student information system”

Sticky information

In the field of Management , Sticky Information is information which is costly to acquire, transfer, and use in a new location. Eric von Hippel coined the term around 1994. Because of the importance of sticky, local information for Some kinds of innovation and product customization, von Hippel Suggests That in some Circumstances the innovation will be increasingly Accomplished by end-users ( user innovation ) Rather than An expert provider. Toolkits for User Innovation can be used to support end-users in their innovation process. [1] [2] Continue Reading “Sticky information”

Spatial decision support system

spatial decision support system ( SDSS ) is an interactive, computer-based system designed to assist in decision making while solving a semi-structured spatial problem. [1] It is designed to assist the spatial planner with guidance in making land use decisions. A system that could be used to help identify the most effective decision path. Continue Reading “Spatial decision support system”

Sociomateriality

Sociomateriality is a theory based on the intersection of technology, work and organization. It attempts to understand the constitutive entanglement of the social and the material in everyday organizational life. [1] That is, it is the result of considering how human bodies, spatial arrangements, physical objects, and technologies are entangled with language, interaction, and practices in organizing. Specifically, it examines the sociomaterial aspects of technology and organization, [2] [3] but also emphasizes the centrality of the materials within the communicative constitution of organizations . It is a great opportunity to study the social environment of the workplace. Continue Reading “Sociomateriality”

Shadow IT

Shadow IT is a term often used to describe information-technology systems and solutions built and used within organizations without explicit organizational approval. It is also used, along with the term “Stealth IT”, to describe solutions specified and deployed by departments other than the IT department. [1]
Continue Reading “Shadow IT”

Semantic desktop

In computer science , the Semantic Desktop is a collective term for ideas related to changing a computer’s user interface and data handling capabilities so that it is more easily shared between different applications or tasks that can not be automatically processed by a computer Could be. It also encompasses some ideas about being able to share information between different people. This concept is very much related to the Semantic Web but is distinct insofar as its main concern is the personal use of information. Continue Reading “Semantic desktop”

Semantic broker

semantic broker is a computer service that automatically provides semantic mapper services. A semantic broker is often part of a semantic middleware system that leverage semantic equivalence statements. To qualify as a semantic broker a system must be able to automatically extract data from a message and use semantic equivalence statements to transform this into another namespace. Continue Reading “Semantic broker”

Sales force management system

Salesforce management systems (also sales force automation systems ( SFA )) are information systems used in customer relationship management (CRM) Marketing and Management That help automaton Some sales and sales management strength functions. They are often combined with a marketing information system , in which they are often called CRM systems. [1] Continue Reading “Sales force management system”

Reason maintenance

Reason maintenance [1] [2] is a knowledge representation approach to efficient handling of inferred information that is explicitly stored. Reason for maintenance of the data base, which can be defeated , and derived facts. As such it differs from belief revision which, in its basic form, assumes that all facts are equally important. Reason maintenance was originally developed as a technique for implementing problem solvers. [2] It encompasses a variety of technical That share a common architecture: [3] two components-a reasoner and a reason maintaining system-communicate with Each Other via an interface. The reasons for the inferences and justifications of the “reasons” for the inferences. The reason for this is also the fact that it is the basis of the assumptions. The reason for this is that the inconsistency is derived. Continue Reading “Reason maintenance”

Railway costing

Railway costing is the calculation of the variable and fixed costs of rail movements. Variable costs are those which increase or decrease with changes in the volume or service. Fixed costs are normally associated with items such as head office, interest charges and other overhead. Unit costs can then be calculated based on the expenses of the railway divided into standard categories. Continue Reading “Railway costing”

Question Manager

Question Manager (also called QM). QM is not intended to be a complex system, and therefore has a workflow that entails clients coming to the institution with a question, and then the question being offered to ‘experts’ to give answers. The answers are packaged into a concise Eventually issue of peer-answer That Is made available to the customer, And Then for Google to archive. Continue Reading “Question Manager”

Process development execution system

Process development execution systems ( PDES ) are software systems used to guide the development of high-tech manufacturing technologies like semiconductor manufacturing, MEMS manufacturing, photovoltaicsmanufacturing, biomedical devices gold nanoparticle manufacturing. Software systems of this kind have similarities to product lifecycle management (PLM) systems. They guide the development of new or improved technologies from its design, through development and into manufacturing. Furthermore we They borrow concepts of manufacturing execution systems (MES) systems aim tailor em for R & D Rather than for production. Continue Reading “Process development execution system”