Category: Information science

Library and information science

Library and information science ( LIS ) (sometimes Given the plural as library and information science ) [1] [2] or as ” library and information studies ” [3] is a merging of library science and information science . The abbreviated term “SLIS”. In the last part of the 1960s, schools of librarianship , which developed from professional training programs (not academic disciplines) to university institutions during the second half of the 20th century, began to add the term “information science” to their names. The first school to do this was at the University of Pittsburgh in 1964. [4] More schools followed during the 1970s and 1980s, and by the 1990s almost all library schools in the USA had added information science to their names. Weaver Press: Although there are exceptions, similar developments have taken place in other parts of the world. In Denmark, for example, the Royal School of Librarianship ‘ict English name changed to The Royal School of Library and Information Science in 1997. Exceptions include Tromso, Norway, Where the term documentation science is the preferred name of the field, France, Where information science and communication studies form one interdiscipline , [5] and Sweden, Continue reading “Library and information science”

Knowledge spillover

Knowledge spillover is an exchange of ideas among individuals. [1] In knowledge management economics , knowledge spillovers are a non-rival knowledge market costs incurred by a party not agreeing to assume the costs that a spillover effect of stimulating technological improvements in a neighbor through own innovation. [1] [2] Such innovations often come from specialization within an industry. [3] Continue reading “Knowledge spillover”

Knowledge organization

Knowledge organization ( KO ) (or “organization of information”) is a branch of Library and Information Science (LIS) Databases, archives, etc. These activities are done by librarians, archivists, subject specialists as well as computer algorithms. KO as a field of study is Concerned with the kind and quality of knowledge Such organizing processes (KOP) (Such As taxonomy and ontology ) as well as the knowledge organizing systems (KOS) used to organizes documents, paper representations and concepts. Continue reading “Knowledge organization”

Documentation

Documentation is a set of materials Provided on paper, or online , or one digital or analog media , Such As audio tape or CD . Examples are user guides, white papers, on-line help, quick-reference guides. It is becoming common to see paper (hard-copy) documentation. Documentation is distributed via websites, software products, and other on-line applications. Continue reading “Documentation”

Documentalist

documentalist is a professional, trained in documentation science and specializing in assisting researchers in their search for scientific and technical documentation. With the development of bibliographical databases such as MEDLINE , documentalists were professionals who searched such databases on the behalf of users. Continue reading “Documentalist”

Data drilling

Data drilling (also drilldown ) refers to any of several operations and transformations on tabular, relational, and multidimensional data . The term has widespread use in various contexts, but is primarily associated with specialized software designed specifically for data analysis . Continue reading “Data drilling”

Data quality

Data quality Refers to the status of a set of values of qualitative or quantitative variables. There are many definitions of data quality but data is considered to be “for its intended uses in operations , decision making and planning.” [1] Alternatively, it is possible to use the real-world construct to which it refers. Furthermore, apart from thesis definitions, as data volume Increases, the issue of internal data consistency Becomes significant, Regardless of fitness for use for Any Particular external purpose. People ‘ S views on data quality can often be in disagreement, even when discussing the same set of data used for the same purpose. Data cleansing may be required in order to ensure data quality. [2] Continue reading “Data quality”

Controlled vocabulary

Controlled vocabularies provide a way to organize knowledge for subsequent retrieval. They are used in subject indexing schemes, subject headings , thesauri , [1] [2] taxonomies and other forms of knowledge organization systems . Controlled vocabulary schemes mandated by the use of predefined, which have been restricted by the designers of the schemes. Continue reading “Controlled vocabulary”