Bibliographic database

bibliographic database is a database of bibliographic records , an Organized digital collection of references to published literature, Including magazine and newspaper articles, conference proceedings , reports, government and legal publications, patents , books , etc. In contrast to library catalog entries, a large proportion of the bibliographic records in bibliographic databases describe articles, conference papers, etc. Rather than full monographs , And They Generally Contain very rich subject descriptions in the form of keywords , subject classification terms, Or abstract . [1]

A bibliographic database may be general in scope or cover a specific academic discipline like computer science . [2] A significant number of bibliographic databases are still proprietary, available by licensing agreement from vendors, or directly from the indexing and abstracting services that create them. [3]

Many bibliographic databases evolve into digital libraries , providing the full-text of the indexed contents. Others converged with non-scholarly bibliography databases to create more full disciplinary search engine systems, Such As Chemical Abstract gold Enter .

History

Prior to the mid-20th century, individuals searching for literature had to rely on printed bibliographic indexes . “During the early 1960s computers Were used to digitize text for the first time; the purpose Was to Reduce the cost and time required to publish two American abstracting journals, the Index Medicus of the National Library of Medicine and the Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports of The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). By the late 1960s, such bodies are known as bibliographic and numeric databases, constituted a new type of information resource. [4] ” Online interactive retrieval has become commercially viable in the early 1970s over private telecommunications networks. The first services offered a few databases of indexes and abstracts of scholarly literature. These databases contain bibliographic descriptions of journal articles that were searchable by keywords in author and title, and sometimes by journal name or subject heading. The user interfaces were crude, the access was expensive, and searching was done by librarians on behalf of ‘end users’. ” [5] And sometimes by journal name or subject heading. The user interfaces were crude, the access was expensive, and searching was done by librarians on behalf of ‘end users’. ” [5] And sometimes by journal name or subject heading. The user interfaces were crude, the access was expensive, and searching was done by librarians on behalf of ‘end users’. ” [5]

Notable examples

  • Bibliographic index
  • Citation index
  • Digital library
  • Document-oriented database
  • Full text database
  • List of academic databases and search engines
  • Institutional repository
  • Online public access catalog (OPAC)

References

  1. Jump up^ Feather, John; Sturges, Paul, eds. (2003). International Encyclopedia of Information and Library Science (Second ed.). London: Routledge. p. 127. ISBN  0-415-25901-0 .
  2. Jump up^ Kusserow, Arne; Groppe, Sven (2014). “Getting Indexed by Bibliographic Databases in the Area of ​​Computer Science” . Open Journal of Web Technologies (OJWT) . 1 (2). Doi : 10.19210 / OJWT_2014v1i2n02_Kusserow . Retrieved 26 May 2016 .
  3. Jump up^ Reitz, Joan M. (2004). “Bibliographic database”. Dictionary for Library and Information Science . Westport, Connecticut: Libraries Unlimited. p. 70. ISBN  1-59158-075-7 .
  4. Jump up^ “information processing” . Encyclopædia Britannica Online . 2010 . Retrieved April 29, 2010 .
  5. Jump up^ Borgman, Christine L. (2007). Scholarship in the Digital Age: Information, Infrastructure, and the Internet . Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. pp. 89-90. ISBN  978-0-262-02619-2 .

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